Synthesis of disulfated peptides corresponding to the N -terminus of chemokines receptors CXCR6 (CXCR6 1-20 ) and DARC (DARC 8-42 ) using a sulfate-protecting group strategy
ABSTRACT Tyrosine sulfation is a post translational modification that occurs on integral membrane and secreted proteins, and is required for mediating crucial biological processes. Until recently the synthesis of sTyr peptides, especially those containing multiple sTyr residues, were among the most challenging peptides to prepare. We recently described an efficient strategy for Fmoc-based solid phase synthesis of sTyr peptides in which the sulfate group in the sTyr residue(s) is protected with a DCV group (FmocTyr(SO(3)DCV)OH, 1). After cleavage of the peptide from the support the DCV group is removed by hydrogenolysis. Here we demonstrate that sTyr peptides containing Met or Trp residues can be prepared using our sulfate-protecting group strategy by preparing peptides corresponding to residues 1-20 of chemokine receptor CXCR6 and 8-42 of chemokine receptor DARC. Removing the DCV groups at the end of the syntheses was readily achieved, without any reduction of the indole ring in Trp, by performing the hydrogenolysis in the presence of triethylamine. These conditions were found to be particularly efficient for removing the DCV group and superiour to our original conditions using H(2), ammonium formate, Pd/C. The presence of Met was found not to interfere with the removal of the DCV group. The use of pseudoproline dipeptides and N-backbone protection with the 2,4-dimethoxybenzyl group were found to be very effective tactics for preventing aggregation and aspartimide formation during the synthesis of these peptides. We also report an alternative and more cost effective synthesis of amino acid 1.
- Chemistry - An Asian Journal 06/2011; 6(6):1316-20. DOI:10.1002/asia.201100232 · 3.94 Impact Factor
- ChemInform 11/2011; 67(45):8595-8606. DOI:10.1016/j.tet.2011.08.046
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ABSTRACT: Synthesis of sulfated and unsulfated (glyco)peptide fragments of Hirudin P6 (a potent anticoagulant from the leech Hirudinaria manillensis) is described. The effect of O-glycosylation and tyrosine sulfation on thrombin binding and peptidolytic activity was investigated, together with the inhibition of fibrinogen cleavage.Chemical Communications 11/2011; 48(10):1547-9. DOI:10.1039/c1cc14773k · 6.72 Impact Factor