[Comparison of subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy and total colectomy with ileoproctostomy in treating slow transit constipation].
ABSTRACT To compare clinical outcome and quality of life of subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy and total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis (TAC-IRA) in patients with severe slow transit constipation (STC).
Of the 56 patients enrolled in this study from January 1999 to June 2008, 32 cases underwent subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy, and 20 patients underwent TAC-IRA. The patients' clinical characteristics, operative data, postoperative outcome, functional result and gastrointestinal quality of life index (GIQLI) survey were compared between the two groups.
All patients were followed up for 1-7 years (median, 4 years). The basic clinical characteristics between the two groups was comparable. During the follow-up period, the number of daily bowel movements in the subtotal colectomy group was significantly fewer than that in TAC-IRA group (2.5+/-0.8 vs. 3.4+/-0.8; P=0.000). The Wexner continence score was significantly lower in subtotal colectomy group (4.4+/-1.6 vs. 5.8+/-1.9; P=0.011), and the GIQLI score in subtotal colectomy group was significantly higher than that in the TAC-IRA group (120.7+/-7.5 vs. 111.1+/-12.0; P=0.005).
Subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecoproctostomy appeared to be the superior treatment than the TAC-IRA for selected patients with slow transit constipation for improved functional outcomes and quality of life.
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ABSTRACT: Chronic constipation (CC) may impact on quality of life. There is substantial patient dissatisfaction; possible reasons are failure to recognize underlying constipation, inappropriate dietary advice and inadequate treatment. The aim of these practical guidelines intended for primary care physicians, and which are based on Asian perspectives, is to provide an approach to CC that is relevant to the existing health-care infrastructure. Physicians should not rely on infrequent bowel movements to diagnose CC as many patients have one or more bowel movement a day. More commonly, patients present with hard stool, straining, incomplete feeling, bloating and other dyspeptic symptoms. Physicians should consider CC in these situations and when patients are found to use laxative containing supplements. In the absence of alarm features physicians may start with a 2-4 week therapeutic trial of available pharmacological agents including osmotic, stimulant and enterokinetic agents. Where safe to do so, physicians should consider regular (as opposed to on demand dosing), combination treatment and continuous treatment for at least 4 weeks. If patients do not achieve satisfactory response, they should be referred to tertiary centers for physiological evaluation of colonic transit and pelvic floor function. Surgical referral is a last resort, which should be considered only after a thorough physiological and psychological evaluation.Journal of neurogastroenterology and motility 04/2013; 19(2):149-60.