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Behavioral treatments in autism spectrum disorder: what do we know? Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 6, 447-468

MIND Institute, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California 95817, USA.
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology (Impact Factor: 12.92). 03/2010; 6:447-68. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131151
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although there are a large and growing number of scientifically questionable treatments available for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intervention programs applying the scientific teaching principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) have been identified as the treatment of choice. The following article provides a selective review of ABA intervention approaches, some of which are designed as comprehensive programs that aim to address all developmental areas of need, whereas others are skills based or directed toward a more circumscribed, specific set of goals. However, both types of approaches have been shown to be effective in improving communication, social skills, and management of problem behavior for children with ASD. Implications of these findings are discussed in relation to critical areas of research that have yet to be fully explored.

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    • "For example, imagine a child who learns a social script to respond to ''hi,'' but then fails to apply this script when someone says, ''hey.'' Generalizing a skill learned in treatment to everyday use is one of the most significant barriers to treatment success (for reviews, see Karkhaneh et al. 2010; Vismara and Rogers 2010; Wass and Porayska-Pomsta 2013). In an early study of this phenomenon, nearly half of children with ASD who learned new behaviors in a treatment room failed to transfer these skills to a new setting (Rincover and Koegel 1975). "
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    ABSTRACT: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty generalizing-i.e., relating new stimuli to past experiences. Few experimental studies have addressed this weakness, despite its impact on intervention effects. In a reanalysis of data (de Marchena et al. Cognition 119(1):96-113, 2011), we tested a novel form of generalization-the ability to transfer a strategy used in one context to a similar context-in verbally fluent youth with ASD and matched typically developing controls. Participants with ASD were subtly less likely to learn from experience; their generalizations were less consistent. Generalization in ASD correlated with receptive vocabulary but not age, suggesting a link to language development. A richer understanding of how to promote generalization in ASD will advance both theory and practice.
    Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 06/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10803-015-2478-6 · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    • "The present findings suggest the possibility of applying the herbal nasal drops as a complementary treatment for patients with functional abnormalities in the PFC and ACC. The potential benefits of the herbal nasal drops are consistent with the treatment effects of some conventional behavioral interventions and with oxytocin treatment for enhancing executive functions and related behavioral and emotional problems in ASD (Andari et al., 2010; Guastella et al., 2010; Ospina et al., 2008; Vismara & Rogers, 2010 "
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    Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 06/2014; 8(6):681–691. DOI:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.03.007 · 2.96 Impact Factor
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    • "The current therapeutic options are mostly restricted to programs of behavioral modification such as applied behavioral analysis (ABA), early start denver model (ESDM), and treatment and education of autistic and related communication handicapped children (TEACCH) (Myers and Johnson, 2007; Dawson et al., 2010; Kasari and Lawton, 2010; McPheeters et al., 2011; Warren et al., 2011; Taylor et al., 2012). These interventions are primarily based on behavioral and educational approaches linked to autistic behaviors but do not target the underlying biological causes (Vismara and Rogers, 2010). The outcome of these behavioral therapies is quite variable and a vigorous validation for their efficacy is still warranted (Hayward et al., 2009; Grindle et al., 2012; Taylor et al., 2012; Dawson, 2012). "
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