Automated coregistered imaging using a hand-held probe-based optical imager
ABSTRACT Near-infrared optical imaging holds a promise as a noninvasive technology toward cancer diagnostics and other tissue imaging applications. In recent years, hand-held based imagers are of great interest toward the clinical translation of the technology. However hand-held imagers developed to date are typically designed to obtain surface images and not tomography information due to lack of coregistration facilities. Herein, a recently developed hand-held probe-based optical imager in our Optical Imaging Laboratory has been implemented with novel coregistration facilities toward real-time and tomographic imaging of tissue phantoms. Continuous-wave fluorescence-enhanced optical imaging studies were performed using an intensified charge coupled device camera based imaging system in order to demonstrate the feasibility of automated coregistered imaging of flat phantom surfaces, using a flexible probe that can also contour to curvatures. Three-dimensional fluorescence tomographic reconstructions were also demonstrated using coregistered frequency-domain measurements obtained using the hand-held based optical imager. It was also observed from preliminary studies on cubical phantoms that multiple coregistered scans differentiated deeper targets (approximately 3 cm) from artifacts that were not feasible from a single coregistered scan, demonstrating the possibility of improved target depth detectability in the future.
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ABSTRACT: Near-infrared (NIR) optical imaging is a noninvasive and nonionizing modality that is emerging as a diagnostic tool for breast cancer. The handheld optical devices developed to date using the NIR technology are predominantly developed for spectroscopic applications. A novel handheld probe-based optical imaging device has been recently developed toward area imaging and tomography applications. The three-dimensional (3D) tomographic imaging capabilities of the device have been demonstrated from previous fluorescence studies on tissue phantoms. In the current work, fluorescence imaging studies are performed on tissue phantoms, in vitro, and in vivo tissue models to demonstrate the fast two-dimensional (2D) surface imaging capabilities of this flexible handheld-based optical imaging device, toward clinical breast imaging studies. Preliminary experiments were performed using target(s) of varying volume (0.23 and 0.45 cm(3)) and depth (1-2 cm), using indocyanine green as the fluorescence contrast agent in liquid phantom, in vitro, and in vivo tissue models. The feasibility of fast 2D surface imaging ( approximately 5 seconds) over large surface areas of 36 cm(2) was demonstrated from various tissue models. The surface images could differentiate the target(s) from the background, allowing a rough estimate of the target's location before extensive 3D tomographic analysis (future studies).Translational oncology 02/2010; 3(1):16-22. DOI:10.1593/tlo.09157 · 3.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Handheld-probe-based optical imagers are a popular approach toward breast imaging because of their potential portability and maximum patient comfort. A novel handheld-probe-based optical imager has been developed and its feasibility for three-dimensional fluorescence tomographic imaging demonstrated. Extensive tomography studies were performed on large slab phantoms (650 ml) to assess the performance limits of the handheld imager. Experiments were performed by using different target volumes (0.1-0.45 cm3), target depths (1-3 cm), and fluorescence (Indocyanine Green) absorption contrast ratios in a nonfluorescing (1:0) and constant fluorescing backgrounds (1000:1 to 5:1). The estimated sensitivity and specificity of the handheld imager are 43% and 95%, respectively.Applied Optics 11/2009; 48(33):6408-16. DOI:10.1364/AO.48.006408 · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Optical imaging is emerging as a non-invasive and non-ionizing method for breast cancer diagnosis. A hand-held optical imager has been developed with coregistration facilities towards flexible imaging of different tissue volumes and curvatures in near real-time. Herein, fluorescence-enhanced optical imaging experiments are performed to demonstrate deeper target detection under perfect and imperfect (100:1) uptake conditions in (liquid) tissue phantoms and in vitro. Upon summation of multiple scans (fluorescence intensity images), fluorescent targets are detected at greater depths than from single scan alone.Biomedical Optics Express 08/2010; 1(1):126-134. DOI:10.1364/BOE.1.000126 · 3.50 Impact Factor