Pulse modulated microwave operation on large bore electron cyclotron resonance ion source with cylindrically comb-shaped magnetic fields configuration.
ABSTRACT In order to enhance efficiency of an electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) plasma for broad and dense ion beam source under the low pressure, the magnetic field configuration is constructed by a pair of comb-shaped magnet which has opposite polarity each other, and which cylindrically surrounds the plasma chamber. By using the pulse microwave mode operation, we aim at generation of plasma with parameters that cannot be achieved at the continuous microwave (cw) mode. The maximum beam current is obtained in the experimental condition of the pulse width 100-200 micros at the duty ratio 40%-50%. According to probe measurements of the ECR plasma, it is found the electron density in the pulse mode is larger than that in the cw mode, while the electron temperatures in the pulse mode were lower than that in the cw mode. These indirect evidences cause to enhance ion beams in the pulse mode operation, and then suggest a spread of operation windows for plasma parameters suitable to production of molecular or cluster ions.