Efficacy of multi-electrode duty-cycled radiofrequency ablation for pulmonary vein disconnection in patients with paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation.
ABSTRACT A novel multi-electrode pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) combining circular mapping and duty-cycled multi-electrode radiofrequency (RF) energy delivery has been developed to map and isolate the pulmonary veins (PVs). The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of multi-electrode RF ablation using the PVAC device.
A total of 102 consecutive patients, age 57.9 +/- 9.6 years, with paroxysmal or persistent drug refractory atrial fibrillation (AF) were referred for ablation. All patients had documented AF episodes with an AF duration of 9.3 +/- 7.5 years (range 1.5-25). The mean total procedure time was 139.30 +/- 37.72 (median 135, range 115-172). The mean fluoroscopy time required for PVAC ablation was 17 +/- 12 min (median 16, range 12-33) and the total fluoroscopy time was 32.1 +/- 11.3 min (median 29, range 25-39). The mean multi-electrode RF ablation time required to achieve complete PV isolation was 31 +/- 6.7 min (range 16-51). In eight patients with persistent AF, additional ablations were performed to defragment septal and posterior part of the left atrium. In five patients additional RF ablations using conventional catheters were necessary. After multi-electrode duty-cycled RF ablation, 62 of 102 (60.8%) patients were in sustained sinus rhythm without anti-arrhythmic drugs. The mean follow-up duration was 12.2 +/- 3.9 months (range 6-15).
This novel multi-electrode ablation technique can be used for PV isolation and left atrium ablation with a relatively low medium-term success rate after the first ablation of approximately 61%. Larger studies with longer follow-up are required to evaluate the efficacy and whether multi-electrode RF ablation is associated with a different complication rate compared with standard PV isolation.
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ABSTRACT: Recently, a multi-electrode catheter system using phased radiofrequency (RF) energy was developed specifically for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation: the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC), the multi-array septal catheter (MASC), and the multi-array ablation catheter (MAAC). Initial results of small trials have been promising: shorter procedure times and low adverse event rates. In a large single-centre registry, we evaluated the adverse events associated with multi-electrode ablation catheter procedures with PVAC alone, or combined with MASC and MAAC. In all, 634 consecutive patients with AF had 663 procedures with multi-electrode ablation catheters, 502 patients with the PVAC alone, 128 patients with PVAC/MASC/MAAC, 29 redo procedures with the PVAC or PVAC/MASC/MAAC, and 4 patients had a complicated transseptal puncture. Major and minor adverse events during 6 month follow-up were registered. In 15 cases (2.3%), major adverse events were seen within the first month after the procedure. These included complicated transseptal puncture (4), stroke (2), transient ischaemic attack (5), acute coronary syndrome (2), femoral pseudoaneurysm (1), and arteriovenous fistulae (1). Minor adverse events were seen in 10.7% at 6 months, mostly due to femoral haematoma (3.9%), and non-significant PV stenosis (5.2%). There was no difference in the occurrence of major adverse events between PVAC alone, or PVAC/MASC/MAAC ablation. Ablation with phased RF and multi-electrode catheters is accompanied by a major adverse event rate of 2.3% within 1 month and a minor event rate of 10.7% at 6 months.Europace 04/2012; 14(10):1433-40. · 2.77 Impact Factor
- Europace 09/2011; 13(11):1515-6. · 2.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Limited data is available on long-term atrial fibrillation (AF) free survival after multi-electrode catheter pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). The aim of this study was to compare point-by-point PVI to multi-electrode PVI in terms of procedural characteristics and long-term AF free survival.International journal of cardiology. 08/2014;