Incidence of Acinetobacter species other than A. baumannii among clinical isolates of Acinetobacter: evidence for emerging species.
ABSTRACT Six hundred ninety nonduplicate isolates of Acinetobacter species were identified using a combination of detection of bla(OXA-51-like) and rpoB sequence cluster analysis. Although most isolates were identified as A. baumannii (78%), significant numbers of other species, particularly A. lwoffii/genomic species 9 (8.8%), A. ursingii (4%), genomic species 3 (1.7%), and A. johnsonii (1.7%), were received, often associated with bacteremias.
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ABSTRACT: An understanding of why certain Acinetobacter species are more successful in causing nosocomial infections, transmission and epidemic spread in healthcare institutions compared with other species is lacking. We used genomic, phenotypic and virulence studies to identify differences between Acinetobacter species. Fourteen strains representing nine species were examined. Genomic analysis of six strains showed that the A. baumannii core genome contains many genes important for diverse metabolism and survival in the host. Most of the A. baumannii core genes were also present in one or more of the less clinically successful species. In contrast, when the accessory genome of an individual A. baumannii strain was compared to a strain of a less successful species (A. calcoaceticus RUH2202), many operons with putative virulence function were found to be present only in the A. baumannii strain, including the csu operon, the acinetobactin chromosomal cluster, and bacterial defence mechanisms. Phenotype microarray analysis showed that compared to A. calcoaceticus (RUH2202), A. baumannii ATCC 19606(T) was able to utilise nitrogen sources more effectively and was more tolerant to pH, osmotic and antimicrobial stress. Virulence differences were also observed, with A. baumannii ATCC 19606(T), A. pittii SH024, and A. nosocomialis RUH2624 persisting and forming larger biofilms on human skin than A. calcoaceticus. A. baumannii ATCC 19606(T) and A. pittii SH024 were also able to survive in a murine thigh infection model, whereas the other two species were eradicated. The current study provides important insights into the elucidation of differences in clinical relevance among Acinetobacter species.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e46984. · 4.09 Impact Factor
Article: MALDI-TOF MS improves routine identification of non-fermenting Gram negative isolates from cystic fibrosis patients.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Identification of non-fermenting Gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is often limited. A collection of stored NFGNB isolates (n=182) recovered from CF patients over a 15 year period was examined. The routinely reported identification during this period was compared with that obtained by MALDI-TOF MS. Isolates giving discrepant identification at the genus level were further analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. The MALDI-TOF MS system identified 94% of the isolates, including Burkholderia cepacia and Pandoraea spp. isolates, the latter previously misidentified as other NFGNB by conventional microbiological methods. Lack of identification by MALDI-TOF MS was associated with the absence of entries in the database.Journal of cystic fibrosis: official journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society 10/2011; 11(1):59-62. · 3.19 Impact Factor
Article: Molecular detection of Acinetobacter species in lice and keds of domestic animals in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to determine the presence of Acinetobacter and Rickettsia species DNA in lice and Melophagus ovinus (sheep ked) of animals from Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia. From September through November 2011, a total of 207 cattle, 85 sheep, 47 dogs and 16 cats were examined for ectoparasites. Results of morphological identification revealed several species of ectoparasites: Linognathus vituli (L. vituli), Bovicola bovis (B. bovis) and Solenopotes capillatus (S. capillatus) on cattle; B. ovis and Melophagus ovinus (M. ovinus) on sheep; and Heterodoxus spiniger (H. spiniger) on dogs. There was a significantly (p≤0.0001) higher prevalence of L. vituli observed in cattle than both S. capillatus and B. bovis. Molecular identification of lice using an 18S rRNA gene analysis confirms the identified lice species by morphological methods. We detected different Acinetobacter species among lice (11.1%) and keds (86.4%) including A. soli in L. vituli of cattle, A. lowffii in M. ovinus of sheep, A. pittii in H. spiniger of dogs, 1 new Acinetobacter spp. in M. ovinus and 2 new Acinetobacter spp. in H. spiniger of dogs using partial rpoB gene sequence analysis. There was a significantly higher prevalence of Acinetobacter spp. in keds than in lice (p≤0.00001). Higher percentage of Acinetobacter spp. DNA was detected in H. spiniger than in both B. ovis and L. vituli (p≤0.00001). Carbapenemase resistance encoding genes for blaOXA-23, blaOXA-24, blaOXA-58, blaNDM-1 and blaOXA-51 were not found in any lice and keds. These findings suggest that synanthropic animals and their ectoparasites might increase the risk of human exposure to zoonotic pathogens and could be a source for Acinetobacter spp. infections in humans. However, additional epidemiological data are required to determine whether ectoparasites of animals can act as environmental reservoirs and play a role in spreading these bacteria to both animal and human hosts.PLoS ONE 12/2012; 7. · 4.09 Impact Factor