Differential effects of well-being promoting and anxiety-management strategies in a non clinical school setting. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24, 326-333
ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to examine the differential effects of strategies for promotion of psychological well-being (Well-Being Therapy, WBT) and removal of distress (Anxiety Management, AM) in a non-clinical school setting.162 students attending middle schools in Northern Italy were randomly assigned to: (a) a protocol derived from WBT; (b) an anxiety-management protocol (AM). The students were assessed immediately before and after the interventions, and after 6 months using: Psychological Well-Being Scales (PWB), Symptom Questionnaire (SQ) and the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS). In school children, well-being and symptom focused interventions produced slightly different effects on psychological dimensions. WBT, by facilitating progression toward positive and optimal functioning, may integrate symptom-centered strategies.
- SourceAvailable from: Chiara Ruini
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- "Individuals respond with a six-point format ranging from 1 = “strongly disagree” to 6 = “strongly agree”. Validated in an Italian population (Ruini et al. 2003a), it has been used in several studies with similar samples (Ruini et al. 2009; Tomba et al. 2010) revealing test–retest reliability and negative relations to measures of psychological distress. In this Adolescents’ version, we obtained Cronbach α values from .32 (purpose in life) to .16 "
ABSTRACT: The evaluation of eudaimonic well-being in adolescence is hampered by the lack of specific assessment tools. Moreover, with younger populations, the assessment of positive functioning may be biased by self-report data only, and may be more accurate by adding significant adults' evaluations. The objective of this research was to measure adolescents' well-being and prosocial behaviours using self-rated and observer-rated instruments, and their pattern of associations. The sample included 150 Italian high school adolescents. Observed-evaluation was performed by their school teachers using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Adolescents completed Ryff's Psychological Well-being Scales and Symptom Questionnaire. Pearson' r correlations and Linear regression were performed. Self-rated dimensions of psychological well-being significantly correlated with all observer-rated dimensions, but Strengths and Difficulties Emotional symptom scale. Multiple linear regression showed that the self-rated dimensions Environmental Mastery and Personal Growth, and surprisingly not Positive Relations, are related to the observer-rated dimension Prosocial Behaviour. Adolescents with higher levels of well-being in specific dimensions tend to be perceived as less problematic by their teachers. However, some dimensions of positive functioning present discrepancies between self and observer-rated instruments. Thus, the conjunct use of self-reports and observer-rated tools for a more comprehensive assessment of students' eudaimonic well-being is recommended.SpringerPlus 08/2014; 3:490. DOI:10.1186/2193-1801-3-490
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ABSTRACT: This research study incorporates stories and self-reflexive inquiry from a small sample of leading coach practitioners, consultants and executive leaders working with coaching in their organizations. I have gathered the following stories with a focus on the challenges in organizational and institutional environments, to help us understand if and how coaching has influenced organizational and societal change. Executive coaching practice far outstrips its evidence base of knowledge as coaching continues to grow as an international phenomenon. Organizations today are challenged by the complexity and swiftness of change within business, social and political environments, and leaders are expected to quickly adapt their skills and competence in volatile and often crisis-driven markets and societies (Stout Rostron, 2009:19–22).
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ABSTRACT: The debate around health and well-being is increasingly expanding in our societies, among professionals, researchers, policy-makers, non-profit organizations, and political movements. This phenomenon reflects the relevance of this issue, at the same time shedding light on the ambiguities it endorses and the contradictory attitudes of society towards the conceptualization of mental health. We can identify at least three aspects of this debate that highlight these ambiguities and contradictions. Key WordPositive mental health-Optimal functioning-Assessment-Well-being therapy12/2010: pages 267-291;