Robotically Assisted Hysterectomy in Patients With Large Uteri Outcomes in Five Community Practices
ABSTRACT To examine outcomes of robotically assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy in patients with benign conditions involving high uterine weight and complex pathology.
A multicenter study was undertaken in five community practice settings across the United States. All patients who had minimally invasive laparoscopic hysterectomy with robotic assistance March 2006 through July 2009 and uterine weights of at least 250 g were included. Retrospective chart review identified outcomes including skin-to-skin operative time, conversion to an exploratory laparotomy, blood loss, complications, and hospital duration of stay. The effect of uterine weight on skin-to-skin time and blood loss also was examined.
Data were analyzed for 256 patients with uteri weighing 250 to 3,020 g (median 453 g). Most patients were obese or had a history of pelvic or abdominal surgery. Median operative time was 145 minutes. Duration of surgery in patients with uteri 500 g or greater was significantly longer than in patients with uteri less than 500 g (167 compared with 126 minutes, P<.001). Median estimated blood loss also was greater in women with uteri weighing 500 g or more (100 compared with 50 mL, P<.001). Multivariable linear regression analysis confirmed the independent effect of uterine weight on operative time and blood loss. Median duration of hospital stay was 1 day. The conversion rate was 1.6%, the minor complication rate was 1.6%, and major complications occurred in 2.0% of patients.
Women with large uteri may successfully undergo robotically assisted hysterectomy with low morbidity, low blood loss, and minimal risk of conversion to laparotomy. Results were reproducible among general gynecologists from geographically diverse community settings.
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ABSTRACT: A hybrid technique of robot-assisted, laparoscopic hysterectomy using the ENSEAL(®) Tissue Sealing Device is described in a retrospective, consecutive, observational case series. Over a 45 month period, 590 robot-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomies +/- oophorectomy for benign and malignant indications were performed by a single surgeon with a bedside assistant at a tertiary healthcare center. Patient demographics, indications for surgery, comorbidities, primary and secondary surgical procedures, total operative and surgical time, estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), complications, transfusions and subsequent readmissions were analyzed. The overall complication rate was 5.9% with 35 patients experiencing 69 complications. Mean (SD) surgery time, operating room (OR) time, EBL, and LOS for the entire cohort were 75.5 (39.42) minutes, 123.8 (41.15) minutes, 83.1 (71.29) millilitres, and 1.2 (0.93) days, respectively. Mean surgery time in the first year (2009) was 91.6 minutes, which declined significantly each year by 18.0, 19.0, and 24.3 minutes, respectively. EBL and LOS did not vary -significantly across the entire series. Using the cumulative sum method, an optimization curve for surgery time was evaluated, with three distinct optimization phases observed. In summary, the use of an advanced laparoscopic tissue-sealing device by a bedside surgical assistant provided an improved operative efficiency and reliable vessel sealing during robotic hysterectomy.
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ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this research was to estimate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing robotic-assisted gynecologic surgery. Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective review of prospectively collected cohort data for a consecutive series of patients undergoing gynecologic robotic surgery in a single institution. BMI, expressed as kg/m(2), was abstracted from the medical charts of all patients undergoing robotic hysterectomy. Data on estimated blood loss (EBL), hemoglobin (Hb) drop, procedure time, length of hospital stay, uterine weight, pain-medication use, and complications were also extracted. Results: Two hundred and eighty-one patients underwent robotic operations. Types of procedures were total hysterectomy with or without adnexal excision, and total hysterectomies with lymphadenectomies. Eighty-four patients who were classified as morbidly obese (BMI>35) were compared with 197 patients who had a BMI of<35 (nonmorbidly obese). For patients with BMI<35, and BMI>35, the mean BMI was 27.1 and 42.5 kg/m(2) (p<0.05), mean age was 49 and 50 (p=0.45), mean total operative time was 222 and 266 minutes (p<0.05), console time 115 and 142 minutes (p<0.05), closing time (from undocking until port-site fascia closure) was 30 and 41 minutes (p<0.05), EBL was 67 and 79 mL (p=0.27), Hb drop was 1.6 and 1.4 (p=0.28), uterine weight was 196.2 and 227 g (p=0.52), pain-medication use 93.7 and 111 mg of morphine (p=0.46), and mean length of stay was 1.42 and 1.43 days (0.9), all respectively. No statistically significant difference was noted between the 2 groups for EBL, Hb drop, LOS, uterine weight, pain-medication use, or complications. The only statistically significant difference was seen in operating times and included docking, console, closing, and procedure times. There were no perioperative mortalities. Morbidity occurred in 24 patients (8%). In the morbidly obese group, there were 6 complications (7%) and, in the nonmorbidly obese group, there were 18 complications (9%). Conclusions: Morbid obesity does not appear to be associated with an increased risk of morbidity in patients undergoing robotically assisted gynecologic surgery. Morbid obesity is associated with increased procedure time, but otherwise appears to have no difference in outcomes. Robotic surgery offered an ideal approach, allowing minimally invasive surgery in these technically challenging patients, with no significant increase in morbidity. J GYNECOL SURG 30:81).Journal of Gynecologic Surgery 04/2014; 30(2):81-86. DOI:10.1089/gyn.2012.0142
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ABSTRACT: The robotic platform is a tool that has enabled many gynecologic surgeons to perform procedures by minimally invasive route that would have otherwise been performed by laparotomy. Before the widespread use of this technology, a larger percentage of hysterectomies and sacrocolpopexies were completed via the open route because of the lack of training in traditional laparoscopic suturing, knot tying, and retroperitoneal dissection. Additional deterrents of traditional laparoscopic surgery adoption have included the lengthy learning curve associated with development of advanced laparoscopic skills; and surgeon preference for the open route because of surgical ergonomics, decreased operative time, and more experience with laparotomy. Level I evidence regarding robotic-assisted laparoscopy in benign gynecology is sparse, with most of the data supporting robotic surgery comprised of retrospective cohorts. The literature demonstrates the safety and efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopy for hysterectomy and pelvic organ prolapse repair; however, most level I data show increased operative time and cost. The true indications for robotic-assisted laparoscopy in benign gynecology have yet to be discerned. A review of the best available evidence is summarized.Fertility and Sterility 10/2014; 102(4):933–938. DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2014.08.010 · 4.30 Impact Factor