Polypoid endometriosis of the uterine cervix with Arias-Stella reaction in a patient taking phytoestrogens.

Serviço de Anatomia Patológica, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, Cedoc, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campo dos Mártires da Paátria, Lisboa, Portugal.
International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists (Impact Factor: 2.07). 03/2010; 29(2):185-8. DOI: 10.1097/PGP.0b013e3181b7015e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report for the first time a case of 2.5 cm polypoid cervical endometriosis with a superficial growth pattern in a 48-year-old patient with past tubal ligation. The lesion showed metaplastic changes (clear cell, eosinophilic, micropapillary) and a prominent Arias Stella reaction in the absence of concomitant pregnancy but presumably related to phytoestrogenic treatment. The eutopic endometrium, however, had a usual proliferative appearance, implying that it showed a different response from the endometriotic tissues, suggesting the possibility of a metaplastic origin for the endocervical polypoid endometriosis. The unusual histology of the lesion led to an erroneous diagnosis of papillary serous carcinoma in the biopsy. This was subsequently excluded on finding endometrial-type stroma surrounding glands, and was confirmed immunohistochemically by a low Ki-67 index and negativity for p53.

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    ABSTRACT: Context.-Premalignant and malignant glandular lesions of the cervix are known to often cause diagnostic problems with a variety of benign (more common) as well as other malignant mimics, the latter setting often being represented by secondary involvement by endometrioid endometrial carcinoma especially in small samplings. Objective.-To highlight key histologic features and immunohistochemical markers that may be helpful in the distinction of in situ endocervical carcinoma from benign glandular proliferations, and those that separate different subtypes of invasive endocervical carcinoma, as well as invasive carcinoma from other carcinomas secondarily involving the cervix and nonneoplastic proliferations of the cervix. Conclusions.-Clinical and morphologic features as well as immunohistochemistry results should be used in conjunction in the differential diagnosis of glandular proliferations of the cervix, as correct interpretation has major clinical consequences for the patient in most instances (especially benign versus malignant). Immunohistochemical markers should be used as part of a panel of antibodies, as exceptions may occur to the usual pattern of staining, and if used singly, they may mislead the pathologist to establish a wrong diagnosis.
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May 27, 2014