Outcomes of Home-Based Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
ABSTRACT Home diagnosis and therapy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may improve access to testing and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment. We compared subjective sleepiness, sleep quality, quality of life, BP, and CPAP adherence after 4 weeks of CPAP therapy in subjects in whom OSA was diagnosed and treated at home and in those evaluated in the sleep laboratory.
A randomized trial was performed consisting of home-based level 3 testing followed by 1 week of auto-CPAP and fixed-pressure CPAP based on the 95% pressure derived from the auto-CPAP device, and in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG) (using mostly split-night protocol) with CPAP titration; 102 subjects were randomized (age, 47.4 +/- 11.4 years; 63 men; BMI, 32.3 +/- 6.3 kg/m(2); Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]: 12.5 +/- 4.3). The outcome measures were daytime sleepiness (ESS), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]), quality of life (Calgary Sleep Apnea Quality of Life Index [SAQLI], 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey [SF-36], BP, and CPAP adherence after 4 weeks.
After 4 weeks of CPAP therapy, there were no significant differences in ESS (PSG 6.4 +/- 3.8 vs home monitoring [HM] 6.5 +/- 3.8, P = .71), PSQI (PSG 5.4 +/- 3.1 vs HM 6.2 +/- 3.4, P = .30), SAQLI (PSG 4.5 +/- 1.1 vs HM 4.6 +/- 1.1, P = .85), SF-36 vitality (PSG 62.2 +/- 23.3 vs HM 64.1 +/- 18.4, P = .79), SF-36 HM (PSG 84.0 +/- 10.4 vs HM 81.3 +/- 14.9, P = .39), and BP (PSG 129/84 +/- 11/0 vs HM 125/81 +/- 13/9, P = .121). There was no difference in CPAP adherence (PSG 5.6 +/- 1.7 h/night vs HM 5.4 +/- 1.0 h/night, P = .49).
Compared with the home-based protocol, diagnosis and treatment of OSA in the sleep laboratory does not lead to superior 4-week outcomes in sleepiness scores, sleep quality, quality of life, BP, and CPAP adherence. Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov; Identifier: NCT00139022.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Sunita Ghosh, May 13, 2015
Sleep 11/2014; 37(12). DOI:10.5665/sleep.4232 · 5.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The increasing prevalence and recognition of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) coupled with an awareness of its detrimental health consequences has resulted in the need for timely and cost efficient access to diagnostic sleep testing and treatment. As a result, increased emphasis is being placed on simplified ambulatory models for the diagnosis and treatment of OSA using home sleep testing (HST). An ambulatory sleep program requires the combination of clinical assessment for identifying patients at high risk for OSA, HST for the diagnosis of OSA, and home auto-titrating positive airway pressure units for treatment. Randomized control trials evaluating the efficacy of this ambulatory approach to diagnose and treat OSA in high-risk patients without significant medical comorbidities reveal the potential for equivalent patient outcomes when compared with the use of polysomnography and in-laboratory continuous positive airway pressure titration.Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 10/2014; 35(5):552-9. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1390066 · 3.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. Sleep disturbance and chronic fatigue are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and contribute to disability, symptomatology, and healthcare use. It has long been recognized in other populations that exercise can improve sleep and diminish fatigue. The effect of exercise on sleep quality and fatigue in RA has not been evaluated. Methods. Ours is a randomized controlled study in RA to determine the effect of an exercise program on sleep quality and fatigue. These were measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Fatigue Severity Scale. Patients were randomized to either a 12-week, home-based exercise intervention or usual care. The exercise program consisted of specific exercises to target individual deficiencies identified using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) with cardiovascular work as per the guidelines. The intervention group was evaluated on a 3-week basis. Full evaluation was carried out at baseline and at 12 weeks. Results. Forty patients were randomized to the intervention with 38 controls. In the exercise intervention group, there was a statistically significant improvement in HAQ (p = 0.00), pain (p = 0.05), stiffness (p = 0.05), sleep quality (p = 0.04), and fatigue (p = 0.04). In our control group, there was a statistically significant improvement demonstrated in their overall perceptions of the benefits of exercise, but none of the other variables. Conclusion. Our study demonstrates that an exercise program resulted in significant improvement in sleep quality and fatigue. This is particularly interesting given the importance of fatigue as an outcome measure in RA and gives us yet another reason to prescribe exercise in this population.The Journal of Rheumatology 08/2014; 41(10). DOI:10.3899/jrheum.131282 · 3.17 Impact Factor