Poly-Victimization in a National Sample of Children and Youth

Crimes Against Children Research Center, University of New Hampshire, 20 Academic Way, Durham, NH 03857, USA.
American journal of preventive medicine (Impact Factor: 4.53). 03/2010; 38(3):323-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.11.012
Source: PubMed


Most studies of children's exposure to violence focus on separate, relatively narrow categories of victimization (such as sexual abuse, physical maltreatment, or bullying), paying less attention to exposure to multiple forms of victimization.
This study documents children's lifetime exposure to multiple victimization types (i.e., "poly-victimization") and examines the association between poly-victimization and extent of trauma symptomatology.
Analyses were based on telephone interviews conducted between January 2008 and May 2008 with a nationally representative sample of 4053 children aged 2-17 years and their caregivers.
Exposure to multiple forms of victimization was common. Almost 66% of the sample was exposed to more than one type of victimization, 30% experienced five or more types, and 10% experienced 11 or more different forms of victimization in their lifetimes. Poly-victims comprise a substantial portion of the children who would be identified by screening for an individual victimization type, such as sexual assault or witnessing parental violence. Poly-victimization is more highly related to trauma symptoms than experiencing repeated victimizations of a single type and explains a large part of the associations between individual forms of victimization and symptom levels.
Studies focusing on single forms of victimization are likely to underestimate the full burden of victimization that children experience and to incorrectly specify the risk profiles of victims. Research, clinical practice, and intervention strategies are likely to improve with more comprehensive assessments of victimization exposure.

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Available from: Richard Ormrod, Mar 05, 2014
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    • "Studies of the developmental timing of ACEs and its impact on socioemotional problems in adolescence have focused primarily on the experience of child maltreatment and later juvenile offending; although, child maltreatment does not typically occur in isolation of other ACEs (Mersky et al. 2012; Thornberry et al. 2001). Thus, while ACEs can occur as early as in the first few years of life (Briggs-Gowan et al. 2011), and may persist or have its onset throughout the lifespan (Turner et al. 2010), it remains unknown whether ACE patterns change or remain constant across child development and how it may impact later functioning. The current study begins to address this gap in the literature by using the National Child Traumatic Stress Network's Core Data Set (NCTSN-CDS), which is drawn from a large sample of youth identified as needing trauma-specific services. "
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    Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 10/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10802-015-0086-8 · 3.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Street children are vulnerable to a number of problems throughout their lives. Poly-victimization covers the different domains of the difficulties they face on streets, it is also notable to find out the impact of poly-victimization on the mental health of street children. Aims: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between poly-victimization and mental health in street children of Lahore city. It was hypothesized that there is likely to be a predictive relationship between poly-victimization and mental health of street children. Methods: Through purposive sampling a sample of 77 street boys was collected from Lahore city, with the help of three government and private organizations working with street children. Sample included only boys within the age range of 9-13 years (M = 10.66, SD = 1.26) who have been residing on streets for more than one month. Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire and Mental Health Inventory were used for assessment of poly-victimization and mental health respectively. Results: The results indicated that poly-victimization positively predicted the psychological distress and negatively predicted psychological wellbeing in street children. Conclusion: The most common type of victimization was conventional crime which negatively predicts mental health of street children. The results have important implications for the policy makers to develop improved services for this vulnerable group.
    Journal of Mental Health 09/2015; DOI:10.3109/09638237.2015.1057330 · 1.01 Impact Factor
    • "Without controlling for a wide range of victimization experiences, the impact of a specific form of victimization may be overestimated (Finkelhor, Ormrod, & Turner, 2007). In fact, research shows that experiencing many different types of victimization is a stronger predictor of psycho-social outcomes than experiencing repeated victimizations of a single type (Turner et al., 2010). Empirical studies of polyvictimization point to the harmful effects of experiencing multiple forms of victimizations, such as increased psychological distress (i.e., anger, depression, and anxiety) substantially beyond the influence of individual victimizations (Finkelhor et al., 2007). "
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    ABSTRACT: Although criminological research has provided support for general strain theory (GST), there is still little known about the relationship between victimization and delinquency among Latino adolescents. This study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the association between a broader measure of victimization (i.e., polyvictimization) and delinquent behavior using data from the Dating Violence Among Latino Adolescents (DAVILA) Study, a national sample of Latino youth. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine two issues: (a) whether polyvictimization is associated with self-reported delinquent behavior and (b) whether anger mediates the relationship between polyvictimization and delinquency. Our findings provided partial support for GST among Latino youth. Specifically, the effect of polyvictimization on delinquency was explained in part by its effect on anger. Contrary to the theory's hypothesis, the effect of polyvictimization was not conditional on the effect of social support. Overall, findings suggested that GST is a promising framework for understanding the relationship between polyvictimization and delinquency among Latino youth. © The Author(s) 2015.
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