Hydroxyapatite nanorods/poly(vinyl pyrolidone) composite nanofibers, arrays and three-dimensional fabrics: electrospun preparation and transformation to hydroxyapatite nanostructures.

State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, People's Republic of China.
Acta biomaterialia (Impact Factor: 5.09). 02/2010; 6(8):3013-20. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2010.02.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electrospinning has been recognized as an efficient technique for fabricating polymer nanofibrous biomaterials. However, the study of electrospun inorganic biomaterials with well-designed three-dimensional (3-D) structures is still limited and little reported. In this study hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanorods with an average diameter of approximately 7 nm and length of approximately 27 nm were synthesized through a simple precipitation method and used for the fabrication of inorganic/organic [poly(vinyl pyrolidone) (PVP)] composite nanofibers by electrospinning in ethanol solution. 3-D fabrics and aligned nanofiber arrays of the HAp nanorods/PVP composite were obtained as precursors. Thereafter, 3-D single phase HAp fabrics, tubular structures and aligned nanofiber arrays were obtained after thermal treatment of the corresponding composite precursors. Cytotoxicity experiments indicated that the HAp fabric scaffold had good biocompatibility. In vitro experiments showed that mesenchymal stem cells could attach to the HAp fabric scaffold after culture for 24h.

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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanostructures have wide potential applications in many fields such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, bone repair, gas sensing, catalysis and water treatment. Inspired with the fact that HAP has a high affinity with proteins, we have designed and developed a new synthetic strategy for three-dimensional (3-D) HAP nanosheet-assembled microspheres (HAP-NMSs) by employing hemoglobin as a soft template. The as-prepared products are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experimental results show that 3-D HAP microspheres are constructed by the self-assembly of HAP nanosheets as the building blocks. The influences of hemoglobin concentration, hydrothermal temperature and time on the morphology and crystal phase of the product are investigated. Based on the systematic investigation, a possible formation mechanism of HAP-NMSs is proposed. The as-prepared HAP-NMSs are explored for the potential application in water treatment. The experimental results indicate that the HAP-NMSs have a high adsorption capacity for heavy metal ions and selective adsorption activity for Pb2+ ions in acidic solution, thus are promising for the application in wastewater treatment.
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