Hydroxyapatite nanorods/poly(vinyl pyrolidone) composite nanofibers, arrays and three-dimensional fabrics: electrospun preparation and transformation to hydroxyapatite nanostructures.

State Key Laboratory of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200050, People's Republic of China.
Acta biomaterialia (Impact Factor: 5.68). 02/2010; 6(8):3013-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2010.02.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electrospinning has been recognized as an efficient technique for fabricating polymer nanofibrous biomaterials. However, the study of electrospun inorganic biomaterials with well-designed three-dimensional (3-D) structures is still limited and little reported. In this study hydroxyapatite (HAp) nanorods with an average diameter of approximately 7 nm and length of approximately 27 nm were synthesized through a simple precipitation method and used for the fabrication of inorganic/organic [poly(vinyl pyrolidone) (PVP)] composite nanofibers by electrospinning in ethanol solution. 3-D fabrics and aligned nanofiber arrays of the HAp nanorods/PVP composite were obtained as precursors. Thereafter, 3-D single phase HAp fabrics, tubular structures and aligned nanofiber arrays were obtained after thermal treatment of the corresponding composite precursors. Cytotoxicity experiments indicated that the HAp fabric scaffold had good biocompatibility. In vitro experiments showed that mesenchymal stem cells could attach to the HAp fabric scaffold after culture for 24h.

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this work was to compare hydroxyapatite (HAP) and composites of HAP, HAP with chitosan (CS), and HAP with poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), in terms of their particle size and morphology, using different methods, such as Coulter counter analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Although many researchers have studied HAP and CS/HAP and PVP/HAP composites extensively, there is no evidence of a comparative study of their particle sizes. For this reason, different complementary methods have been used so as to provide a more complete image of final product properties — particle size — from the perspective of possible applications. The syntheses of HAP and HAP with polymer nanoparticles were carried out employing a precipitation method. Variation in particle size with synthesis time and influence of the reactants’ concentration on the materials’ preparation were systematically explored. Crystallite size calculated from XRD data revealed nanosized particles of HAP, CS/HAP, and PVP/HAP materials in the range of 2.5–9.2 nm. Coulter counter analysis revealed mean particle sizes of one thousand orders of magnitude larger, confirming that this technique measures agglomerates, not individual particles. In addition, the particles’ morphology and an assessment of their binding mode were completed by TEM measurements.
    Chemical Papers 05/2013; · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present investigation reports the preparation of two types of 2D rod-like nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) (unmodified and PPG wrapped) of varying high-aspect ratios, by modified co-precipitation methods, without any templates. These nHA were successfully introduced into novel synthesized Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) matrices based on polycarbonate soft segments, by both in-situ and ex-situ techniques. Physico-mechanical properties of the in-situ prepared TPU/nHA nanocomposites were found to be superior compared to the ex-situ counterparts, and pristine nHA reinforced TPU. Improved biocompatibility of the prepared nanocomposites was confirmed by MTT assays using osteoblast-like MG63 cells. Cell proliferation was evident over an extended period. Osteoconductivity of the nanocomposites was observed by successful formation of an apatite layer on the surface of the samples, after immersion into simulated body fluid (SBF). Prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), as calculated from coagulation assays, displayed an increase in the clotting time, particularly for the PPG-wrapped nHA nanocomposites, prepared through the in-situ technique. Only 0.3% of hemolysis was observed for the in-situ prepared nanocomposites, which establishes the antithrombotic property of the material. The key parameters for enhancing the technical properties and biocompatibility of the nanocomposites are: the interfacial adhesion parameter (B�y ), the polymer-filler affinity, the aspect ratio of filler and non-covalent modifications, and the state of dispersion. Thus, the novel TPU/polymer wrapped nHA nanocomposites have great potential for biomedical applications, in particular for vascular prostheses, cardiovascular implants, scaffolds, and soft and hard tissues implants.
    Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 01/2014; · 7.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanostructures have wide potential applications in many fields such as drug delivery, tissue engineering, bone repair, gas sensing, catalysis and water treatment. Inspired with the fact that HAP has a high affinity with proteins, we have designed and developed a new synthetic strategy for three-dimensional (3-D) HAP nanosheet-assembled microspheres (HAP-NMSs) by employing hemoglobin as a soft template. The as-prepared products are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The experimental results show that 3-D HAP microspheres are constructed by the self-assembly of HAP nanosheets as the building blocks. The influences of hemoglobin concentration, hydrothermal temperature and time on the morphology and crystal phase of the product are investigated. Based on the systematic investigation, a possible formation mechanism of HAP-NMSs is proposed. The as-prepared HAP-NMSs are explored for the potential application in water treatment. The experimental results indicate that the HAP-NMSs have a high adsorption capacity for heavy metal ions and selective adsorption activity for Pb2+ ions in acidic solution, thus are promising for the application in wastewater treatment.
    Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 01/2014; 416:11–18. · 3.55 Impact Factor


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