High cerebrospinal fluid antioxidants and interleukin 8 are protective of hypoxic brain damage in newborns.
ABSTRACT The objective was to explain the discrepancy in the development of hypoxic ischemic brain injury (HIE) in some asphyxiated newborns rather than others. Forty newborns were classified according to their cerebrospinal neuron-specific-enolase (CSF-NSE) levels on their 5th-day of life; group 1 with low-NSE (n = 25). The remaining 15 newborns had high-NSE and were further divided into a group with no HIE (n = 10, group 2) and another with HIE (n = 5, group 3). CSF-NSE, total-hydroperoxide (TH), biological-antioxidant-potentials (BAPs), 12 cytokines and erythropoietin (EPO) were measured. The TH/BAP gave the oxidative-stress-index (OSI). The BAPs of serial dilutions of three types of EPO were tested. CSF-NSE and TH and mean OSIs were higher in group 3. IL-8 and mean BAPs were higher in group 2 than in group 1. EPO was less detected in group 3. Serial EPO dilutions correlated with their BAPs. Compensatory antioxidants and IL-8 elevation could be protective of perinatal asphyxic brain injury. Antioxidative effect of EPO could be neuroprotective.
SourceAvailable from: Itai BergerThe Israel Medical Association journal: IMAJ 05/2012; 14(5):318-23. · 0.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of changes in oxidative stress and antioxidant status in response to playing tennis in HOT (∼36°C and 35% relative humidity (RH)) and COOL (∼22°C and 70% RH) conditions. 10 male tennis players undertook two matches for an effective playing time (ie, ball in play) of 20 min, corresponding to ∼122 and ∼107 min of total play in HOT and COOL conditions, respectively. Core body temperature, body mass and indirect markers of oxidative stress (diacrons reactive oxygen metabolic test) and antioxidant status (biological antioxidant potential test) were assessed immediately prematch, midmatch and postmatch, and 24 and 48 h into recovery. Regardless of the condition, oxidative stress remained similar throughout play and into recovery. Likewise, match-play tennis in the COOL had no impact on antioxidant status. However, antioxidants status increased significantly in the HOT compared with COOL environment (p<0.05). Body mass losses (∼0.5 kg) were similar between conditions. Rectal temperature increased during both matches (p<0.05), but with a greater magnitude in the HOT (39.3±0.5°C) versus COOL (38.7±0.2°C) environment (p<0.05). Match-play tennis in the heat does not exacerbate the development of oxidative stress, but significantly increases antioxidant status. These data suggest that the heat stress observed in the HOT environment may provide a necessary signal for the upregulation of antioxidant defence, dampening cellular damage.British journal of sports medicine 04/2014; 48 Suppl 1(10):i59-i63. DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2013-093248 · 4.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Minocycline is a tetracycline derivative that readily crosses the blood brain barrier and appears to have beneficial effects on neuroinflammation, microglial activation and neuroprotection in a variety of neurological disorders. Both microglial activation and neuroinflammation have been reported to be associated with autism. The study was designed to evaluate the effects of minocycline treatment on markers of neuroinflammation and autism symptomatology in children with autism and a history of developmental regression. METHODS: Eleven children were enrolled in an open-label trial of six months of minocycline (1.4 mg/kg). Ten children completed the trial. Behavioral measures were collected and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), serum and plasma were obtained before and at the end of minocycline treatment and were analyzed for markers of neuroinflammation. RESULTS: Clinical improvements were negligible. The laboratory assays demonstrated significant changes in the expression profile of the truncated form of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) (P = 0.042) and hepatic growth factor (HGF) (P = 0.028) in CSF. In serum, the ratio of the truncated BDNF form and alpha-2 macroglobulin (alpha-2 M), was also significantly lower (P = 0.028) while the mature BDNF/alpha-2 M ratio revealed no difference following treatment. Only the chemokine CXCL8 (IL-8) was significantly different (P = 0.047) in serum while no significant changes were observed in CSF or serum in chemokines such as CCL2 (MCP-1) or cytokines such as TNF-alpha, CD40L, IL-6, IFN-gamma and IL-1beta when pre- and post-treatment levels of these proteins were compared. No significant pre- and post-treatment changes were seen in the profiles of plasma metalloproteinases, putative targets of the effects of minocycline. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in the pre- and post-treatment profiles of BDNF in CSF and blood, HGF in CSF and CXCL8 (IL-8) in serum, suggest that minocycline may have effects in the CNS by modulating the production of neurotrophic growth factors. However, in this small group of children, no clinical improvements were observed during or after the six months of minocycline administration. .Trail registration: NCT00409747.Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders 04/2013; 5(1):9. DOI:10.1186/1866-1955-5-9 · 3.71 Impact Factor