Gynostemma pentaphyllum protects mouse male germ cells against apoptosis caused by zearalenone via Bax and Bcl-2 regulation.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to explore the effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum on Zearalenone-induced apoptosis in mouse male germ cells. Fifty Kunming male mice at 25-days-old were classified into five groups: group A was the control (10% ethanol, 0.5 ml/day); group B with 10 microg Zearalenone/day; group C with 10 microg Zearalenone and 50 mg/kg/day Gynostemma pentaphyllum; group D with 10 microg Zearalenone and 100 mg/kg/day Gynostemma pentaphyllum; and group E with 10 microg Zearalenone and 200 mg/kg/day Gynostemma pentaphyllum. It was found that Gynostemma pentaphyllum has a marked effect on protecting male germ cells against Zearalenone-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by a reduced apoptosis rate of male germ cells and Bax expression as well as an enhancement of Bcl-2 expression in Gynostemma pentaphyllum-treated groups compared to the control. In addition, Gynostemma pentaphyllum remarkably improved pathologic changes of testicular tissue, reduced the content of malondialdehyde (MDA), and increased the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) caused by Zearalenone. Taken together, these results suggest that Gynostemma pentaphyllum protects against toxicity caused by Zearalenone through anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis via the regulation of Bax and Bcl-2 expression.
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ABSTRACT: Very little information is known about the toxic effects of cadmium on somatic cells in mammalian testis. The objective of this study is to explore the toxicity of cadmium on piglet Sertoli cells. Sertoli cells were isolated from piglet testes using a two-step enzyme digestion and followed by differential plating. Piglet Sertoli cells were identified by oil red O staining and Fas ligand (FasL) expression as assayed by immunocytochemistry and expression of transferrin and androgen binding protein by RT-PCR. Sertoli cells were cultured in DMEM/F12 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum in the absence or presence of various concentrations of cadmium chloride, or treatment with p38 MAPK inhibitor SB202190 and with cadmium chloride exposure. Apoptotic cells in seminiferous tubules of piglets were also performed using TUNEL assay in vivo. Cadmium chloride inhibited the proliferation of Piglet Sertoli cells as shown by MTT assay, and it increased malondialdehyde (MDA) but reduced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity. Inhibitor SB202190 alleviated the proliferation inhibition of cadmium on piglet Sertoli cells. Comet assay revealed that cadmium chloride caused DNA damage of Piglet Sertoli cells and resulted in cell apoptosis as assayed by flow cytometry. The in vivo study confirmed that cadmium induced cell apoptosis in seminiferous tubules of piglets. Transmission electronic microscopy showed abnormal and apoptotic ultrastructure in Piglet Sertoli cells treated with cadmium chloride compared to the control. cadmium has obvious adverse effects on the proliferation of piglet Sertoli cells and causes their DNA damage, cell apoptosis, and aberrant morphology. This study thus offers novel insights into the toxicology of cadmium on male reproduction.Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 01/2010; 8:97. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mycotoxin zearalenone (ZEN) is a cereal contaminant produced by various species of Fusarium fungi. When interacting with estrogen receptors, ZEN leads to animal fertility disturbances and other reproductive pathologies. Few data are available on the effects of perinatal exposure to ZEN, particularly in the blood-testis barrier. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of ZEN in adult rats exposed neonatally. We focused on the expression and cellular localization of major ABC transporters expressed in adult rat testis, comparing ZEN effects with those of Estradiol Benzoate (EB) neonatal exposure. Dose-dependent and long term modulations of mRNA and protein levels of Abcb1, Abcc1, Abcg2, Abcc4 and Abcc5 were observed, along with Abcc4 protein cellular delocalization. ZEN exposure of SerW3 Sertoli cells showed modulation of Abcb1, Abcc4 and Abcc5. Comparison with EB exposure showed similar modulation profiles for Abcg2 but differential modulations for Abcb1, Abcc1, Abcc4 and Abcc5 in vivo, and a similar profile for Abcb1 modulation by ZEN and EB, but differential modulation for Abcc4 and Abcc5 in vitro. ZEN and EB effects were inhibited by in vitro addition of the pure anti-estrogen ICI 182.780, suggesting the at least partial implication of ZEN estrogenic activity in these modulations. These results suggested that ZEN neonatal exposure could affect the exposure of testis to ABC transporter substrates, and negatively influence spermatogenesis and male fertility.Toxicology 05/2013; · 4.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mycotoxins which mainly consist of Aflatoxin (AF), Zearalenone (ZEN) and Deoxynivalenol (DON) are commonly found in many food commodities. Although each component has been shown to cause liver toxicity and oxidative stress in several species, there is no evidence regarding the effect of naturally contained multiple mycotoxins on tissue toxicity and oxidative stress in vivo. In the present study, mycotoxins-contaminated maize (AF 597 µg/kg, ZEN 729 µg/kg, DON 3.1 mg/kg maize) was incorporated into the diet at three different doses (0, 5 and 20%) to feed the mice, and blood and tissue samples were collected to examine the oxidative stress related indexes. The results showed that the indexes of liver, kidney and spleen were all increased and the liver and kidney morphologies changed in the mycotoxin-treated mice. Also, the treatment resulted in the elevated glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level in the serum and liver, indicating the presence of the oxidative stress. Moreover, the decrease of catalase (CAT) activity in the serum, liver and kidney as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the liver and kidney tissue further confirmed the occurrence of oxidative stress. In conclusion, our data indicate that the naturally contained mycotoxins are toxic in vivo and able to induce the oxidant stress in the mouse.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(3):e60374. · 3.53 Impact Factor