Mental disorders in Mexican patients with multiple sclerosis.

Research Department and Neuropsychiatric Unit, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences (Impact Factor: 2.34). 02/2010; 22(1):63-9. DOI: 10.1176/appi.neuropsych.22.1.63
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The authors aim to explore psychiatric disorders in Mexican patients with multiple sclerosis. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, and the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale were administered to 37 consecutive multiple sclerosis patients and 37 healthy comparison subjects. The multiple sclerosis group had higher rates of any axis I disorder (OR 1.97; 95% CI=1.78-3.306). The most common comorbid diagnoses were depressive disorders (46% of the multiple sclerosis cases) with higher anxiety scores (p=0.001). No correlations between psychiatric variables, number of relapses, and clinical course of multiple sclerosis were found.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to identify general psychiatric symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to determine the distribution of these psychiatric symptoms by type of MS and degree of disability. METHODS: One hundred fifty-two volunteers, 76 MS patients and 76 healthy controls, matched in terms of age, gender, marital status, years spent in education and income, were included. Psychiatric symptoms were measured using the Symptom Checklist-90-R, Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Padua Inventory, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Eating Attitude Test. Degree of disability was determined using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS). In addition to being compared between the patient and control groups, scale scores were also compared between groups established on the basis of relapsing-remitting or progressive forms of MS, neurological disability and ambulatory ability. Correlations were determined between EDSS scores and psychiatric scale scores. RESULTS: In addition to symptoms of depression, anxiety and sleep impairment in MS patients, we also determined that less studied symptoms such as somatization, obsession, compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, anger-hostility, phobic anxiety, paranoid ideation, psychoticism, low self-esteem and distorted eating attitudes were also more frequent compared to the healthy controls. Some symptoms were also more prevalent in progressive MS patients compared to relapsing-remitting subjects. Symptoms increase as degree of disability rises and ambulatory capacity declines. CONCLUSION: Depressive, anxious and sleep impairment symptoms are not the only ones seen in MS patients; other psychiatric symptoms are also common. Further studies are needed to investigate the frequency and causes of these little-investigated symptoms. As seen in patients with a progressive course and greater neurological disability, more psychiatric symptoms develop in patients with more severe disease.
    General hospital psychiatry 12/2012; · 2.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although studies have demonstrated significant negative relationships between quality of life (QOL), fatigue, and the most common psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety, stress), the main ambiguity of previous studies on QOL is in the relative importance of these predictors. Also, there is lack of adequate knowledge about the actual contribution of each of them in the prediction of QOL dimensions. Thus, the main objective of this study is to assess the role of fatigue, depression, anxiety, and stress in relation to QOL of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. One hundred and sixty-two MS patients completed the questionnaire on demographic variables, and then they were evaluated by the Persian versions of Short-Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36), Fatigue Survey Scale (FSS), and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression. Correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between QOL elements in SF-36 (physical component summary and mental component summary) and depression, fatigue, stress, and anxiety (P < 0.01). Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that among the predictor variables in the final step, fatigue, depression, and anxiety were identified as the physical component summary predictor variables. Anxiety was found to be the most powerful predictor variable amongst all (β = -0.46, P < 0.001). Furthermore, results have shown depression as the only significant mental component summary predictor variable (β = -0.39, P < 0.001). This study has highlighted the role of anxiety, fatigue, and depression in physical dimensions and the role of depression in psychological dimensions of the lives of MS patients. In addition, the findings of this study indirectly suggest that psychological interventions for reducing fatigue, depression, and anxiety can lead to improved QOL of MS patients.
    Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research 11/2014; 19(6):593-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease with fatigue as most prevalent symptom. Psychopathological symptoms, physical and mental dysfunctions and body mass abnormalities potentially could deteriorate fatigue. Thus, in this study, we aimed at evaluating the effect of these factors on fatigue severity of MS patients. In this cross-sectional study, 162 patients with mean age of 34.1 ± 9.4 (16-58 years) were recruited by consecutive sampling. All the patients, after completing demographic information were evaluated using Persian versions of Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21), and short form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36). Correlation analysis showed a significant relationship between fatigue severity and depression, anxiety, stress, physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) (P < 0.01). Findings of path analysis demonstrated that PCS is the only variable which has a direct effect on fatigue severity (β = -0.278, P < 0.05). Moreover, the strongest standard coefficient (β) belonged to cause and effect relationship between MCS and depression (β = -0.691, P < 0.0001). Present study made the role of psychopathological symptoms and physical and mental dysfunctions prominent in exacerbation of fatigue severity. Moreover, we can refer to more sensible effect of physical dysfunction related to life on fatigue.
    Iranian Journal of Neurology 01/2012; 11(3):96-105.


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May 29, 2014