Pregaming: an exploratory study of strategic drinking by college students in Pennsylvania.
ABSTRACT This exploratory study examined pre-event drinking, or pregaming, by US college students.
112 undergraduates from 10 Pennsylvania colleges participated.
A focus group, including a written questionnaire, was conducted at each institution.
Only 35.7% of the participants had not pregamed during the last 2 weeks. Pregamers consumed an average of 4.9 (SD = 3.1) drinks during their most recent session. Gender, class year, and other demographic variables did not predict pregaming. Heavier drinkers, and those stating that the average student pregamed 3+ times in the last 2 weeks, were more likely to report pregaming in the last 2 weeks. How much students drink when pregaming is influenced by how much they expect to drink later on.
Pregaming presents a growing challenge for campus officials. Additional research is needed on the nature of the problem and which combination of prevention strategies might best address this behavior.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to describe the phenomenon of pre-drinking (alcohol consumption before entering nightclubs or bars) and to identify factors associated with pre-drinking practices among patrons in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.Alcohol and alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire). Supplement 08/2014; DOI:10.1093/alcalc/agu055
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ABSTRACT: Aim: To examine young people’s main motive for pre-drinking in the United Kingdom, how much they drink on an event-specific night out, and whether motives or socioeconomic status (particularly their income level) explain the alcohol quantities they drink. Methods: Multilevel logit and Poisson models were used on a survey of 628 people (aged 18–35) conducted on-site in 26 bars, clubs and pubs in four cities and towns. Results: Young males drink on average 9.8 and females 7.4 standard units of alcohol before a night out. Saving money is the most prevalent motive for pre-drinking. Although lower income levels cannot explain whether a young person will pre-drink on an event-specific night out, young people’s income level and their motives explain the quantities they consume. Lower-earning males who pre-drank to save money consumed larger quantities of alcohol at home and lower-earning females also pre-drank larger quantities either because they wanted to get out of control or because they wanted to be social. Conclusions: Prevention strategies likely to be effective in reducing the alcohol quantities that young people pre-drink should take into account both socioeconomic status and motives for pre-drinking.Journal of Substance Use 06/2014; 19(3). DOI:10.3109/14659891.2013.784368 · 0.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aims: To reveal young Danes' main motive for pre-drinking and whether their motives and socio economic status can explain how much they pre-drink on an event-specific night out. Methods: A binary logistic and negative binomial regression models were used on a survey of 670 Danes (aged 18-35 years) conducted on-site in 24 bars, clubs and pubs in four cities and towns in Denmark. Results: Young males drink on average 12.3 and females 9.3 standard units (defined as 8g of pure ethanol) of alcohol before a night out. Pre-drinking to be social is the most prevalent motive. Although lower income levels cannot explain whether a young person will pre-drink on an event-specific night out, young people's income level and their motives explain the quantities they consume. Lower-earning males who pre-drank to save money consumed larger quantities of alcohol at home, but lower-earning females pre-drank larger quantities because they wanted to be out of control. Conclusions: Not only young people's motives for pre-drinking but also the price of off- and on-premises alcohol should be considered for outlining prevention strategies seeking to reduce the alcohol quantities that young people pre-drink before a night out.Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 02/2014; 42(4). DOI:10.1177/1403494814523344 · 3.13 Impact Factor