Novel AGL mutation in a Turkish patient with glycogen storage disease type IIIa.
Okinaka Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Toranomon Hospital, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.Pediatrics International (Impact Factor: 0.88). 02/2010; 52(1):145-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2009.02943.x
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ABSTRACT: Glycogen storage disease type IIIa (GSD IIIa) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by deficiency of the glycogen-debranching enzyme (AGL). Recent studies of the AGL gene have revealed the prevalent mutations in North African Jewish and Caucasian populations, but whether these common mutations are present in other ethnic groups remains unclear. We have investigated eight Japanese GSD IIIa patients from seven families and identified seven mutations, including one splicing mutation (IVS 14+1G-->T) previously reported by us, together with six novel ones: a nonsense mutation (L124X), a splice site mutation (IVS29-1G-->C), a 1-bp deletion (587delC), a 2-bp deletion (4216-4217delAG), a 1-bp insertion (2072-2073insA), and a 3-bp insertion (4735-4736insTAT). The last mutation results in insertion of a tyrosine residue at a putative glycogen-binding site, and the rest are predicted to cause synthesis of truncated proteins lacking the glycogen-binding site at the carboxyl terminal. Thirteen novel polymorphisms have also been revealed in this study: three amino acid substitutions (R387Q, G1115R, and E1343 K), one silent point mutation (L298L), one nucleotide change in the 5'-noncoding region, and eight nucleotide changes in introns. Haplotype analysis with combinations of these polymorphic markers showed L124X, IVS14+1G-->T, and 4216-4217delAG to be on different haplotypes. These results demonstrate the importance of the integrity of the carboxy terminal domain in the AGL protein and the molecular heterogeneity of GSD IIIa in Japan.Human Genetics 02/2000; 106(1):108-15. · 4.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glycogen storage disease type III (GSD III) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by excessive accumulation of abnormal glycogen in the liver and/or muscles and caused by deficiency in the glycogen debranching enzyme (AGL). Previous studies have revealed that the spectrum of AGL mutations in GSD III patients depends on ethnic grouping. We investigated nine GSD III patients from Germany, Canada, Afghanistan, Iran, and Turkey and identified six novel AGL mutations: one nonsense (W255X), three deletions (1019delA, 3202-3203delTA, and 1859-1869del11-bp), and two splicing mutations (IVS7 + 5G > A and IVS21 + 5insA), together with three previously reported ones (R864X, W1327X, and IVS21 + 1G > A). All mutations are predicted to lead to premature termination, which abolishes enzyme activity. Our molecular study on GSD III patients of different ethnic ancestry showed allelic heterogeneity of AGL mutations. This is the first AGL mutation report for German, Canadian, Afghan, Iranian and Turkish populations.Journal of Human Genetics 02/2006; 51(11):958-63. · 2.37 Impact Factor
- Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 02/1996; 19(2):209-12. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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