Pancreatoduodenectomy for ductal adenocarcinoma: implications of positive margin on survival.
ABSTRACT To assess the effect of R0 resection margin status and R0 en bloc resection in pancreatoduodenectomy outcomes.
Retrospective medical record review.
Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.
Patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma at our institution between January 1, 1981, and December 31, 2007, were identified and their medical records were reviewed.
Median survival times.
A total of 617 patients underwent pancreatoduodenectomy. Median survival times after R0 en bloc resection (n = 411), R0 non-en bloc resection (n = 57), R1 resection (n = 127), and R2 resection (n = 22) were 19, 18, 15, and 10 months, respectively (P < .001). A positive resection margin was associated with death (P = .01). No difference in survival time was found between patients undergoing R0 en bloc and R0 resections after reexcision of an initial positive margin (hazard ratio, 1.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.87-1.64; P = .28).
R0 resection remains an important prognostic factor. Achieving R0 status by initial en bloc resection or reexcision results in similar long-term survival.
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ABSTRACT: Background Pancreatectomy with venous reconstruction (VR) for pancreatic cancer (PC) is occurring more commonly. Few studies have examined the long-term patency of the superior mesenteric-portal vein confluence following reconstruction. Methods From 2007 to 2013, patients who underwent pancreatic resection with VR for PC were classified by type of reconstruction. Patency of VR was assessed using surveillance computed tomographic imaging obtained from date of surgery to last follow-up. Results VR was performed in 43 patients and included the following: tangential resection with primary repair (7, 16 %) or saphenous vein patch (9, 21 %); segmental resection with splenic vein division and either primary anastomosis (10, 23 %) or internal jugular vein interposition (8, 19%); or segmental resection with splenic vein preservation and either primary anastomosis (3, 7 %) or interposition grafting (6, 14 %). All patients were instructed to take aspirin after surgery; low molecular weight heparin was not routinely used. An occluded VR was found in four (9 %) of the 43 patients at a median follow-up of 13 months; median time to detection of thrombosis in the four patients was 72 days (range 16-238). Conclusions Pancreatectomy with VR can be performed with high patency rates. The optimal postoperative pharmacologic therapy to prevent thrombosis requires further investigation.Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 09/2014; 18(11). DOI:10.1007/s11605-014-2635-9 · 2.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review highlights the rationale for dissection of the 16a2 and 16b1 paraaortic area during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for carcinoma of the head of the pancreas. Recent advances in surgical anatomy of the mesopancreas indicate that the retropancreatic area is not a single entity with well defined boundaries but an anatomical site of embryological fusion of peritoneal layers, and that continuity exists between the neuro lymphovascular adipose tissues of the retropancreatic and paraaortic areas. Recent advances in surgical pathology and oncology indicate that, in pancreatic head carcinoma, the mesopancreatic resection margin is the primary site for R1 resection, and that epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related processes involved in tumor progression may impact on the prevalence of R1 resection or local recurrence rates after R0 surgery. These concepts imply that mesopancreas resection during PD for pancreatic head carcinoma should be extended to the paraaortic area in order to maximize retropancreatic clearance and minimize the likelihood of an R1 resection or the persistence of residual tumor cells after R0 resection. In PD for pancreatic head carcinoma, the rationale for dissection of the paraaortic area is to control the spread of the tumor cells along the mesopancreatic resection margin, rather than to control or stage the nodal spread. Although mesopancreatic resection cannot be considered "complete" or "en bloc", it should be "extended as far as possible" or be "maximal", including dissection of 16a2 and 16b1 paraaortic areas.World Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2015; 21(10):2865-70. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i10.2865 · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction Complete tumor extirpation (R0 resection) remains the best possibility for long-term survival in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Unfortunately, approximately 80% of patients are not amenable to resection at diagnosis either because of metastatic (40%) or locally advanced disease (40%). Recent reports of irreversible electroporation (IRE), a high-voltage, short-pulse, cellular energy ablation device, have shown the modality to be safe and potentially beneficial to prognosis. IRE to augment/accentuate the margin during pancreatic resection for certain locally advanced pancreatic cancers has not been reported. Methods Patients with locally advanced/borderline resectable pancreatic cancer who underwent pancreatectomy with margin accentuation with IRE were followed in a prospective, institutional review board–approved database from July 2010 to January 2013. Data regarding local recurrence, margin status, and survival were evaluated. Results A total of 48 patients with locally advanced pancreatic/borderline cancers underwent pancreatectomy, including pancreatoduodenectomy (58%), subtotal pancreatectomy (35%), distal pancreatectomy (4%), and total pancreatectomy (4%), with IRE margin accentuation of the superior mesenteric artery and/or the anterior margin of the aorta. Most patients had undergone induction therapy with 33 patients (69%) receiving chemoradiation therapy and 18 patients chemotherapy for a median of 6 months (range, 4–13) before resection. A majority (54%) required vascular resection. A total of 9 patients (19%), sustained 21 complications with a median grade of 2 (range, 1–3), with a median duration of stay of 7 days (range, 4–58). With median follow-up of 24 months, 3 (6%) have local recurrence, with a median survival of 22.4 months. Conclusion Simultaneous intraoperative IRE and pancreatectomy can provide an adjunct to resection in patients with locally advanced disease. Long-term follow-up has demonstrated a small local recurrence rate that is lower than expected. Continued optimization in multimodality therapy and consideration of appropriate patients could translate into a larger subset that could be treated effectively.Surgery 10/2014; 156(4):910–922. DOI:10.1016/j.surg.2014.06.058 · 3.11 Impact Factor