Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence Among Men and Women in an Inner City Emergency Department

University of Michigan, Rachel Upjohn Building, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48105, USA.
Journal of Addictive Diseases (Impact Factor: 1.46). 10/2009; 28(4):366-81. DOI: 10.1080/10550880903183018
Source: PubMed


The current study surveyed medical or injured patients (men and women) in an inner city emergency department to examine the rates and correlates of intimate partner violence, including substance use patterns. Over a 2-year period, participants (n = 10,744) self-administered a computerized health survey during their emergency department visit that included screening items regarding past year history of intimate partner violence (including victimization and aggression). Overall, rates of any intimate partner violence involvement in past year were 8.7% (7.3% victimization and 4.4% aggression); however, women were more likely than men to report intimate partner violence. When examining participants' substance use patterns, participants who reported using both alcohol and cocaine were most likely to report intimate partner violence. Predictors of partner aggression and victimization were remarkably similar. This article provides unique data regarding correlates of past year intimate partner violence history among a comprehensive sample of male and female emergency department patients presenting for medical complaints or injury.

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Available from: Maureen A Walton, Mar 10, 2015
    • "Finally, an association between cocaine use and IPV perpetration was also found in some community studies (Feingold et al., 2008; Smith et al., 2011; Walton et al., 2009). The majority of the studies showed an association between cocaine use and IPV perpetration across different study samples. "
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    ABSTRACT: This review examines the association between alcohol and illicit drug use and the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment (CM). In clinical populations, alcohol use is related to IPV, although other variables are also known to influence this relationship. Studies in specialized social/health care and in the community have also demonstrated the association between alcohol use and IPV. Although data on the association between illicit drug use and IPV are less clear, in most studies perpetration seems related to the use of cannabis and cocaine. The occurrence of CM is related to alcohol use in specialized social/health care and community populations but has not been extensively investigated in clinical samples. These findings also apply to studies on the association between illicit drug use and CM. Moreover, many studies on CM fail to distinguish between the effects of alcohol and those of illicit drugs. This review concludes with recommendations for future research about substance use and family violence and discusses implications for prevention and treatment. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Trauma Violence & Abuse 08/2015; DOI:10.1177/1524838015589253 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    • "In the current sample, approximately 53% of participants indicated that they had been involved in violence toward others while 58% reported that they had been the victim of violence by a partner, non-partner, or both. The prevalence of both past six-month IPV and NPV found in this ED SUD sample is higher than prior ED studies assessing past year IPV and NPV (Cunningham et al., 2003, 2007, 2009; Walton et al., 2007, 2009a, 2009b), likely due to the present studies' focus on those with active SUDs. In addition, a more comprehensive violence measure was used compared to most previous studies. "
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    ABSTRACT: The study examined clinical characteristics and treatment interests of individuals identified to have substance use disorders (SUDs) in an urban emergency department (ED) who reported past six-month history of violence or victimization. Specifically, participants were 1441 ED patients enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of interventions designed to link those with SUDs to treatment. To examine factors related to violence type, four groups based on participants' reports of violence toward others were created: no violence (46.8%), partner violence only (17.3%), non-partner violence only (20.2%), and both partner and non-partner violence (15.7%). Four groups based on participants' reports of victimization were also created: no violence (42.1%), victimization from partner only (18.7%), victimization from non-partner only (20.2%), and both partner and non-partner victimization (17.7%). Separate multinomial logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine which variables distinguished the violence and victimization groups from those reporting no violence or victimization. For violence toward others, demographic variables, alcohol and cocaine disorders, and rating treatment for psychological problems were higher for violence groups, with some differences depending on the type of violence. For victimization, demographic variables, having an alcohol disorder, and rating treatment for family/social problems were higher for violence groups, also with some differences depending on the type of violence. Findings from the present study could be useful for designing effective brief interventions and services for ED settings.
    Addictive behaviors 10/2013; 39(1). DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.004 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    • "Although, on the surface, it may seem fair to ask all men about IPV in addition to all women, evidence shows that women are disproportionately affected by IPV compared to men [23-25]. Men are also less likely to admit that they are victims of abuse and less likely to seek help, making identifying IPV in men a greater challenge [26]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious health issue. There have been widespread research efforts in the area of IPV over the past several decades, primarily focusing on obstetrics, emergency medicine, and primary care settings. Until recently there has been a paucity of research focusing on IPV in surgery, and thus a resultant knowledge gap. Renewed interest in the underlying risk of IPV among women with musculoskeletal injuries has fueled several important studies to determine the nature and scope of this issue in orthopaedic surgery. Our review summarizes the evidence from surgical research in the field of IPV and provides recommendations for developing and evaluating an IPV identification and support program and opportunities for future research.
    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 01/2013; 14(1):23. DOI:10.1186/1471-2474-14-23 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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