Chorioretinectomy for perforating or severe intraocular foreign body injuries.
ABSTRACT To report the outcomes of chorioretinectomy versus non-chorioretinectomy in combat ocular injuries where a foreign body penetrated the choroid or perforated the globe.
Retrospective, comparative, consecutive interventional case series of 32 perforating or severe intraocular foreign body combat ocular trauma injuries sustained by United States military soldiers and treated at a single institution from March 2003 to March 2009. Final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in 19 non-chorioretinectomy-treated eyes was compared to 13 chorioretinectomy-treated eyes. The chorioretinectomy group was repaired with a 20 gauge three-port pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) by removing the choroid and/or retina at the impact or perforation site of the foreign body following evacuation from a combat zone. The main outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity and rates of globe survival, retina reattachment and proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
Thirty-two eyes of 31 patients with a mean age of 29 +/- 9 years (range, 19-53 years) were followed for a median of 463 +/- 226 days (range, 59-1022 days). The mean time of injury to the operating room in the chorioretinectomy group was 12.6 +/- 9.8 days, compared to that of the non-chorioretinectomy group of 22.1 +/- 16.4 days (P = 0.05) Final BCVA > or =20/200 occurred in seven of 13 (54%) of the chorioretinectomy group, compared to two of 19 (11%) in the non-chorioretinectomy group (P = 0.04). Globe survival rates were higher in the chorioretinectomy group [11 of 13 (85%) vs 9 of 19 (45%); P = 0.06], as well as the final retinal reattachment rate [8 of 13 (62%) vs 8 of 19 (42%); P = 0.47]. The proliferative vitreoretinopathy rate was eight of 13 (62%) in the chorioretinectomy group, compared to 14 of 19 (74%) in the non-chorioretinectomy group (P = 0.70). Graft failure occurred in five of six eyes (83%) of non-chorioretinectomy cases, requiring temporary keratoprosthesis and penetrating keratoplasty.
Chorioretinectomy is a surgical option that may improve final BCVA and increase globe survival rates when a foreign body penetrates the choroid or perforates the globe.
- The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 04/2011; 30(4). DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2011.01.251 · 5.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To document the characteristics, treatments, and anatomical and functional outcomes of patients with ocular trauma from improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Retrospective review of ocular injuries caused by IEDs, admitted to our tertiary referral centre. In total, sixty-one eyes of the 39 patients with an average age of 24 years (range, 20-42 years) were included in the study. In total, 49 (80%) eyes of the patients had open-globe and 12 (20%) had closed-globe injury. In eyes with open-globe injury, intraocular foreign body (IOFB) injury was the most frequently encountered type of injury, observed in 76% of eyes. Evisceration or enucleation was required as a primary surgical intervention in 17 (28%) of the eyes. Twenty-two (36%) eyes had no light perception at presentation. Patients were followed up for an average of 6 months (range, 4-34 months). At the last follow-up, 26 (43%) of 61 eyes had no light perception. Postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) developed in 12 (50%) of the 24 eyes that underwent vitreoretinal surgery, and four of these eyes became phthisical. There were no cases of endophthalmitis. The presence of open-globe injury and presenting visual acuity worse than 5/200 were significantly associated with poor visual outcome (<5/200, P<0.05). In eyes with open-globe injury, the presence of an IOFB was not associated with poor visual outcome (P>0.05). Ocular injuries from IEDs are highly associated with severe ocular damage requiring extensive surgical repair or evisceration/enucleation. Postoperative PVR is a common cause of poor anatomical and visual outcome.Eye (London, England) 08/2011; 25(11):1491-8. DOI:10.1038/eye.2011.212 · 1.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Penetrating eye injuries are uncommon in a civilian environment, but unfortunately, very common in a military emergency department. Ultrasound of the eye is quick, reliable, accurate, and easy to learn. This review aims to demonstrate normal anatomy and penetrating injuries of the anterior and posterior compartments of the eye.Clinical Radiology 07/2012; 68(1). DOI:10.1016/j.crad.2012.05.015 · 1.66 Impact Factor