Article

Characterization of lentiviral pseudotypes with influenza H5N1 hemagglutinin and their performance in neutralization assays.

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892, United States.
Journal of virological methods (Impact Factor: 2.13). 02/2010; 165(2):305-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2010.02.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pseudotype reporter viruses are being used as safe, quantitative, and high-throughput tools for assessing antibody neutralization for many viruses, including influenza. However, characterization of pseudotypes containing influenza hemagglutinin (HA-pseudotypes) is needed before this system is widely adopted for evaluating neutralizing antibodies in sera following vaccination or infection. In this report HA-pseudotype stocks were analyzed for HA content, stability, and performance in neutralization assays under various conditions. HA-pseudotypes produced with HA genes of H5 strains representing clades 1, 2.2, and 2.3.4 consistently contain similar HA contents, and infectivity was not greatly affected by the purity of the HA-pseudotype preparations or variations in storage conditions. HA-pseudotype neutralization titers using a reference serum panel were also consistent across a wide range of dilutions of HA-pseudotype stocks and correlated well with results from microneutralization assays involving replicating influenza. Concentrated HA-pseudotypes were further shown to work well in hemagglutination inhibition assays. Finally, antisera elicited by genetically modified HA, with changes in the polybasic cleavage site that have been used in some H5 vaccines and reduce pathogenicity, gave identical neutralization titers against HA-pseudotypes with wild type or modified HA. These findings support continued development of HA-pseudotypes as a robust tool for analyzing sera in vaccine and serologic studies.

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