Endoscopic palliation of malignant obstructive jaundice in extremely elderly patients: plastic stent is enough.
ABSTRACT Although the price of biliary metal stents is manyfold higher when compared to plastic stents, the lower frequency of recurrent obstructions makes metal stents superior to plastic stents for endoscopic palliation of malignant biliary stricture in most patients. Is this the case in extremely elderly patients as well? A retrospective data review comprising prospective data collection and double-entry bookkeeping of therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographies (ERCP) with biliary strictures referring to malignancy in 14 patients aged 90 years or older at our institution in 1997-2007. Plastic stents were successfully inserted in 11 out of 14 patients, yielding a technical success rate of 79 %. In the remaining three patients, high biliary obstruction was relieved percutaneously in two cases while the general condition of one patient was so poor that terminal care decision was made in that case. There was no recurrent biliary obstruction in any of the patients with plastic stents prior to death which occurred after a mean of 2.8 months, giving a clinical success rate of 100 %. To be concluded, in extremely elderly patients with malignant obstructive jaundice, palliation with plastic stent is effective enough.
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ABSTRACT: In the general population, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures are the gold standard in the treatment of bile duct stones. However, repeat endoscopic procedures and sometimes even open surgery are needed in difficult cases with retaining bile duct stones. The aim of the present study was to determine the clinical success of ERCP procedures in the treatment of bile duct stones in extremely old patients. A retrospective data review comprising prospective data collection and double-entry bookkeeping of 23 therapeutic ERCPs in 20 nonagenarians with bile duct stones was conducted between 1997 and 2007. The primary ERCP procedure was the definitive treatment in 17 out of 20 patients with bile duct stones, giving a clinical success rate of 85 % for the first endoscopic procedure. In the remaining three patients, a repeat ERCP procedure had to be done in the follow-up. After these three repeat procedures with successful outcome, the clinical success of endoscopic treatment was 100%. There was no further recurrent biliary obstruction in any of the patients prior to death which occurred after a mean of 38 months (two patients are still alive), and no open surgery had to be performed in these patients. To be concluded, endoscopic treatment modality seems to be excellent in extremely elderly patients with bile duct stones.Minimally invasive therapy & allied technologies: MITAT: official journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy 11/2010; 20(3):146-9. · 1.33 Impact Factor