Minichromosome stability induced by partial genome duplication in Arabidopsis thaliana.
ABSTRACT Two partially reconstructed karyotypes (RK1 and RK2) of Arabidopsis thaliana have been established from a transformant, in which four structurally changed chromosomes (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta) were involved. Both karyotypes are composed of 12 chromosomes, 2n = 1" + 3" + 4" + 5" + alpha" + gamma" = 12 for RK1 and 2n = 3" + 4" + 5" + alpha" + beta" + gamma" = 12 for RK2, and these chromosome constitutions were relatively stable at least for three generations. Pairing at meiosis was limited to the homologues (1, 3, 4, 5, alpha, beta, or gamma), and no pairing occurred among non-homologous chromosomes in both karyotypes. For minichromosome alpha (mini alpha), precocious separation at metaphase I was frequently observed in RK2, as found for other minichromosomes, but was rare in RK1. This stable paring of mini alpha was possibly caused by duplication of the terminal tip of chromosome 1 that is characteristic of RK1.
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Article: Engineered plant minichromosomes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Minichromosomes offer an enormous potential for plant breeding and biotechnology, because they may simultaneously transfer and stably express multiple genes. Segregating independently of their host chromosomes, they provide a platform for accelerating plant breeding. Minichromosomes can be established from cloned components in vivo (bottom up) or via engineering of natural chromosomes (top down). When they possess functional centromeres and telomeres, they should be stably inherited, but their meiotic transmission rate is below that of endogenous chromosomes. To achieve the customized generation and control the regular transmission of minichromosomes are important challenges for applied research in chromosome biology. Here, construction and biology of plant minichromosomes are compared with data available for yeast and animal systems.The International journal of developmental biology 01/2013; 57(6-7-8):651-657. DOI:10.1387/ijdb.130144ah · 2.16 Impact Factor
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