Nitrate-responsive miR393/AFB3 regulatory module controls root system architecture in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Departamento de Genética Molecular y Microbiología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago 8331010, Chile.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 02/2010; 107(9):4477-82. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909571107
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT One of the most striking examples of plant developmental plasticity to changing environmental conditions is the modulation of root system architecture (RSA) in response to nitrate supply. Despite the fundamental and applied significance of understanding this process, the molecular mechanisms behind nitrate-regulated changes in developmental programs are still largely unknown. Small RNAs (sRNAs) have emerged as master regulators of gene expression in plants and other organisms. To evaluate the role of sRNAs in the nitrate response, we sequenced sRNAs from control and nitrate-treated Arabidopsis seedlings using the 454 sequencing technology. miR393 was induced by nitrate in these experiments. miR393 targets transcripts that code for a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor and for the auxin receptors TIR1, AFB1, AFB2, and AFB3. However, only AFB3 was regulated by nitrate in roots under our experimental conditions. Analysis of the expression of this miR393/AFB3 module, revealed an incoherent feed-forward mechanism that is induced by nitrate and repressed by N metabolites generated by nitrate reduction and assimilation. To understand the functional role of this N-regulatory module for plant development, we analyzed the RSA response to nitrate in AFB3 insertional mutant plants and in miR393 overexpressors. RSA analysis in these plants revealed that both primary and lateral root growth responses to nitrate were altered. Interestingly, regulation of RSA by nitrate was specifically mediated by AFB3, indicating that miR393/AFB3 is a unique N-responsive module that controls root system architecture in response to external and internal N availability in Arabidopsis.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A precursor of miR156 (MsmiR156d) was cloned and overexpressed in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) as a means to enhance alfalfa biomass yield. Of the five predicted SPL genes encoded by the alfalfa genome, three (SPL6, SPL12 and SPL13) contain miR156 cleavage sites and their expression was down-regulated in transgenic alfalfa plants overexpressing miR156. These transgenic plants had reduced internode length and stem thickness, enhanced shoot branching, increased trichome density, a delay in flowering time and elevated biomass production. Minor effects on sugar, starch, lignin and cellulose contents were also observed. Moreover, transgenic alfalfa plants had increased root length, while nodulation was maintained. The multitude of traits affected by miR156 may be due to the network of genes regulated by the three target SPLs. Our results show that the miR156/SPL system has strong potential as a tool to substantially improve quality and yield traits in alfalfa.
    Plant Biotechnology Journal 12/2014; · 6.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plant microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in regulating plant growth, development, and responses to abiotic stresses. In this study, 38 miRNAs (TaMIRs) from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), 36 from the miRBase database, and two from our previous work were characterized and subjected to an expression pattern analysis under normal conditions and a drought stress. A semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), and small RNA blot analyses revealed that two TaMIRs (TaMIR1120 and TaMIR1123) were root-predominant and two TaMIRs (TaMIR1121 and TaMIR1134) were leaf-predominant. Seven TaMIR precursors showed altered expressions after the drought; of these, TaMIR1136 was upregulated, whereas TaMIR156, TaMIR408, TaMIR1119, TaMIR1129, TaMIR1133, and TaMIR1139 were downregulated. These seven drought-responsive TaMIRs showed dose-dependent and typical temporal expression patterns during drought induction, and they gradually returned back under the normal growth conditions. The drought-responsive and the tissue-predominant TaMIRs had varying numbers of target genes. Randomly selected target genes exhibited opposite expression patterns to their corresponding TaMIRs suggesting that they were regulated by distinct TaMIRs through a post-transcriptional cleavage. The target genes regulated by drought-responsive and tissue-predominant TaMIRs are involved in various cellular processes, such as signal transduction, transcriptional regulation, primary and secondary metabolisms, development, and defense responses. These results provide a novel insight into the miRNA-mediated responses of wheat to drought stress.
    Biologia Plantarum 01/2014; 59(1):37-46. · 1.74 Impact Factor
  • Journal of Forestry Research 03/2015; 26(1):23-32.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 5, 2014