AGA medical position statement on the diagnosis and management of colorectal neoplasia in inflammatory bowel disease.

Section of Gastroenterology, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 12.82). 02/2010; 138(2):738-45. DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.12.037
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The AGA Institute Medical Position Panel consisted of the authors of the technical review, a community-based gastroenterologist (Robert P. McCabe, MD, Minnesota Gastroenterology), academic-based gastroenterologists (Themistocles Dassopoulos, MD, James D. Lewis, MD, and Thomas A. Ullman, MD), an insurance provider representative (Tom James III, MD Physician Advisor, Strategic Advisory Group, Humana), a colon and rectal surgeon (Robin McLeod, MD, Mount Sinai Hospital-Canada), a pathologist (Lawrence J. Burgart, MD, Minnesota Gastroenterology), chair of the AGA Institute Clinical Practice and Quality Management Committee (John Allen, MD, Minnesota Gastroenterology), and chair of the Practice Management and Economics Committee (Joel V. Brill, MD, Predictive Health, LLC).

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Colonoscopic surveillance is advocated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for detection of dysplasia. There are many issues regarding surveillance in IBD: the risk of colorectal cancer seems to be decreasing in the majority of recently published studies, necessitating revisions of surveillance strategy; surveillance guidelines are not based on concrete evidence; commencement and frequency of surveillance, cost-effectiveness and adherence to surveillance have been issues that are only partly answered. The traditional technique of random biopsy is neither evidence-based nor easy to practice. Therefore, highlighting abnormal areas with newer technology and biopsy from these areas are the way forward. Of the newer technology, digital mucosal enhancement, such as high-definition white light endoscopy and chromoendoscopy (with magnification) have been incorporated in guidelines. Dyeless chromoendoscopy (narrow band imaging) has not yet shown potential, whereas some forms of digital chromoendoscopy (i-Scan more than Fujinon intelligent color enhancement) have shown promise for colonoscopic surveillance in IBD. Other techniques such as autofluorescence imaging, endomicroscopy and endocytoscopy need further evidence. Surveillance with genetic markers (tissue, serum or stool) is at an early stage. This article discusses changing epidemiology of colorectal cancer development in IBD and critically evaluates issues regarding colonoscopic surveillance in IBD.
    World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy. 11/2014; 6(11):541-8.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The cost-effectiveness of annual colonoscopy for detection of colorectal neoplasia among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine whether annual colonoscopy among patients with IBD-PSC is cost-effective compared with less frequent intervals from the perspective of a publicly funded health care system.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 09/2014; · 5.12 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). Accordingly, the duration and anatomic extent of the disease have been known to affect the development of IBD-related CRC. When CRC occurs in patients with IBD, unlike in sporadic CRC, it is difficult to detect the lesions because of mucosal changes caused by inflammation. In addition, the tumor types vary with ill-circumscribed lesions, and the cancer is difficult to diagnose and remedy at an early stage. For the diagnosis of CRC in patients with IBD, screening endoscopy is recommended 8 to 10 years after the IBD diagnosis, and surveillance colonoscopy is recommended every 1 to 2 years thereafter. The recent development of targeted biopsies using chromoendoscopy and relatively newer endoscopic techniques helps in the early diagnosis of CRC in patients with IBD. A total proctocolectomy is advisable when high-grade dysplasia or multifocal low-grade dysplasia is confirmed by screening endoscopy or surveillance colonoscopy or if a nonadenoma-like dysplasia-associated lesion or mass is detected. Currently, pharmacotherapies are being extensively studied as a way to prevent IBD-related CRC.
    Clinical endoscopy. 11/2014; 47(6):509-15.