Gender difference of association between LDL cholesterol concentrations and mortality from coronary heart disease amongst Japanese: the Ibaraki Prefectural Health Study.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to examine whether LDL cholesterol raises the risk of coronary heart disease in a dose-response fashion in a population with low LDL-cholesterol levels.
Population-based prospective cohort study in Japan.
A total of 30,802 men and 60,417 women, aged 40 to 79 years with no history of stroke or coronary heart disease, completed a baseline risk factor survey in 1993. Systematic mortality surveillance was performed through 2003 and 539 coronary heart disease deaths were identified.
The mean values for LDL-cholesterol were 110.5 mg dL(-1) (2.86 mmol L(-1)) for men and 123.9 mg dL(-1) (3.20 mmol L(-1)) for women. Men with LDL-cholesterol > or =140 mg dL(-1) (> or =3.62 mmol L(-1)) had two-fold higher age-adjusted risk of mortality from coronary heart disease than did those with LDL-cholesterol <80 mg dL(-1) (<2.06 mmol L(-1)), whereas no such association for women was found. The multivariable hazard ratio for the highest versus lowest categories of LDL-cholesterol was 2.06 (95 percent confidence interval: 1.34 to 3.17) for men and 1.16 (0.64 to 2.12) for women.
Higher concentrations of LDL-cholesterol were associated with an increased risk of mortality from coronary heart disease for men, but not for women, in a low cholesterol population.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to compare apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (nonHDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and other lipid markers as predictors of coronary heart disease (CHD) in Chinese. Overall, 122 individuals developed CHD during a median 13.6 years of follow-up in 3,568 adult participants from a community-based cohort. The multivariate relative risk of CHD in the highest quintile compared with the lowest quintile was 2.74 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.45-5.19] for apoB, 1.98 (95% CI, 1.00-3.92) for nonHDL-C, and 1.86 (95% CI, 1.00-3.49) for LDL-C (all tests for trend, P < 0.05). ApoB also had the highest receiver operator characteristic curve area (0.63; 95% CI, 0.58-0.68) in predicting CHD. When apoB and nonHDL-C were mutually adjusted, only apoB was predictive; the relative risk was 2.80 (95% CI, 1.31-5.96; P = 0.001) compared with 1.09 (95% CI, 0.49-2.40; P = 0.75) for nonHDL-C. Compared with the lowest risk, participants with the highest apoB and total cholesterol/HDL-C had a 3-fold increased risk of developing CHD (relative risk = 3.21; 95% CI, 1.45-7.14). These data provide strong evidence that apoB concentration was a better predictor of CHD than other lipid markers in Chinese.The Journal of Lipid Research 11/2007; 48(11):2499-505. · 4.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine if non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol is a more useful predictor of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk than low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and if very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol is an independent predictor of CHD risk, data from the Framingham Heart Study (2,693 men, 3,101 women) were used for this analysis. All subjects were aged > or =30 years and free of CHD at baseline, and incident CHD was the end point (618 men, 372 women). Cox proportional-hazards models were used to assess the risk for CHD (relative risks and 95% confidence intervals) on the basis of the joint distribution of LDL cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol (in milligrams per deciliter), as well as LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, and VLDL cholesterol as continuous variables. After multivariate adjustment, within non-HDL cholesterol level, no association was found between LDL cholesterol and the risk for CHD, whereas within LDL cholesterol levels, a strong positive and graded association between non-HDL cholesterol and risk for CHD was observed. When the analysis was repeated within triglyceride levels (<200 vs > or =200 mg/dl), the risk pattern did not change significantly. Also, VLDL cholesterol was found to be a significant predictor of CHD risk after adjusting for LDL cholesterol at triglyceride levels of > or =200 or <200 mg/dl. In conclusion, these results suggest that non-HDL cholesterol level is a stronger predictor of CHD risk than LDL cholesterol; that is, VLDL cholesterol may play a critical role in the development of CHD.The American Journal of Cardiology 11/2006; 98(10):1363-8. · 3.21 Impact Factor
- Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 09/2004; 24(8):1329-30. · 6.34 Impact Factor