Protective effect of fermented sea tangle against ethanol and carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic damage in Sprague-Dawley rats.
ABSTRACT Sea tangle has long been used as Korean folk remedy to promote material health, and is one of the popular dietary supplement. This study was designed to evaluate the protective effect of fermented sea tangle (FST) against ethanol and carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were orally treated with FST (25, 250, 2500 mg/kg/day) with administration of ethanol (5 mL/kg) for 13 weeks and the single intraperitoneal (i.p.) dose of 50% CCl(4) (5 mL/kg/day, CCl(4) in olive oil) at 12 week, and repeated i.p. dose of 20% CCl(4) (2 mL/kg/day) for 1 week. Hepatotoxicity was evaluated by measuring the serum levels of glutamic pyruvate transaminase (GPT), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) and malondialdehyde (MDA) as well as the tissue levels of antioxidant enzyme such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx). Ethanol and CCl(4)-induced the rat liver damage, and significantly increased (p<0.05) the GPT, gamma-GT and MDA levels, and decreased the SOD, CAT and GPx levels. However, treatment with FST could decrease serum GPT, gamma-GT, and MDA levels significantly in plasma, and increase the activities of SOD, CAT, and GPx in liver tissues compared with ethanol and CCl(4)-treated group.
- Food and Chemical Toxicology - FOOD CHEM TOXICOL. 01/2007; 6(9):10-10.
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ABSTRACT: Lung cancer is the foremost cause of cancer mortality and is a growing economic burden worldwide. Fisetin (3,7,3',4'-tetrahydroxyflavone), a naturally occurring flavonoid is found in vegetables and fruits possesses anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects in a wide variety of cancer. In the present study it is hypothesized that fisetin may provide chemopreventive as well as chemotherapeutic effects against experimental lung carcinogenesis. The present study was designed to investigate whether fisetin confers anti-cancer action against benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P] induced lung carcinogenesis. Treatment with fisetin significantly reduced the degree of histological lesions, restored the levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO), enzymic and non-enzymic anti-oxidants in B(a)P-induced mice. Anti-proliferative efficacy of fisetin was assessed by immunohistochemical analysis of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in B(a)P induced mice showed increased PCNA expression which is restored upon fisetin administration. Together, our results depicts that fisetin can be used as chemopreventive agent against lung cancer.Food and chemical toxicology: an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association 02/2011; 49(5):1141-7. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of GABA (gamma-amino butyric acid)-enriched sea tangle juice (STJ) by Lactobacillus brevis BJ-20 fermentation against alcohol hepatotoxicity. The protective effects were determined by assessing glutathione (GSH) content levels and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) activity against ethanol-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. In ethanol-treated cells, GSH content decreased to 44.35% of control (ethanol-untreated cell) values; however, treatment with fermented sea tangle juice (FSTJ) at a concentration of 25 μg/mL increased GSH levels to 67.08%.These results suggest that FSTJ may prevent intracellular GSH depletion caused by ethanol consumption. Treatment with FSTJ against alcohol-injured HepG2 cells resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in GGT activity. The expression of cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) enzyme, a major contributor to ethanol-induced oxidative stress, was also completely inhibited in FSTJ-treated cells at a concentration of 25 μg/mL. Thus, this study demonstrated that ethanolinduced cytotoxicity could be attenuated by inhibition of GSH depletion, GGT activity, and CYP2E1 expression. Keywordsalcohol hepatocytotoxicity–gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase–fermented sea tangle juice–HepG2 cellsBiotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 01/2011; 16(5):966-970. · 1.28 Impact Factor