TaqIB polymorphism in the CETP gene modulates the impact of HC/LF diet on the HDL profile in healthy Chinese young adults.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the interactions of genetic variants in the genes of cholesterol ester transfer protein (CETP) and low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) with high carbohydrate and low fat (HC/LF) diet on lipid profiles in a young and healthy Chinese Han population. Fifty-six healthy subjects (22.89±1.80 years) were given washout diets of 31% fat and 54% carbohydrate for 7 days, followed by HC/LF diets of 15% fat and 70% carbohydrate for 6 days, with no total energy restriction. Serum lipid profiles at baseline, after washout and following HC/LF diets, as well as CETP and LDLR polymorphisms were analyzed. Carriers of B2 allele of CETP TaqIB polymorphism had significantly higher levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and apo A-I in the whole study population after the diet intervention. Notably, males with CETP TaqIB B1B1 experienced significantly increased HDL-C and apo A-I after HC/LF diet. Regarding the LDLR Pvu II polymorphism, both P1P1 subjects and P2 carriers experienced decreased total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels after HC/LF diet with no statistically significant differences between the genotypes. Our results demonstrate that the elevated HDL-C levels after HC/LF diet in healthy Chinese Han youth are associated with CETP TaqI B2 allele while males with B1B1 genotype are more susceptible to the influence of HC/LF diet on their HDL-C levels. The decreased TC and LDL-C levels after HC/LF diet are not associated with LDLR Pvu II polymorphism.