Characterization of smooth muscle differentiation of purified human skeletal muscle-derived cells
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.01). 03/2011; 15(3):587-92. DOI: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2010.01017.x
The purpose of this study is to characterize the smooth muscle differentiation of purified human muscle-derived cells (hMDCs). The isolation and purification of hMDCs were conducted by modified preplate technique and Dynal CD34 cell selection. Smooth muscle cell differentiation was induced by the use of smooth muscle induction medium (SMIM) and low-serum medium. The gene expressions at the mRNA and protein levels of undifferentiated and differentiated hMDCs were tested by RT-PCR, Western blot and immunofluorescence studies. Western blot and immunofluorescence studies demonstrated the purified hMDCs cultured in SMIM for 4 weeks and expressed significant amount of smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (MHC) and α-smooth muscle actin (ASMA). The cells cultured in low-serum medium for 4 weeks also expressed ASMA, while the control group did not. RT-PCR analysis showed increased gene expression of smooth muscle markers, such as ASMA, Calponin, SM22, Caldesmon, Smoothelin and MHC when purified hMDCs were exposed to SMIM for 2 and 4 weeks when compared to the controls. In conclusion, we confirmed the smooth muscle differentiation capability of purified hMDCs. The gene expression of smooth muscle differentiation of purified hMDCs was characterized. These cells may be potential biomaterials for human tissue regeneration.
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ABSTRACT: We assessed the ability of muscle-derived stem cells (MDSC) to differentiate into smooth muscle cells (SMC) and their potential to promote the regeneration of smooth muscle with a vessel extracellular matrix (VECM) for tissue engineering of the ureter. MDSC were isolated, proliferated, and identified by flow cytometry. SMC phenotype differentiation was induced with a smooth muscle induction medium. Gene expression was evaluated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot studies. The VECM was obtained by a decellularization process, and cytotoxic effects were evaluated by exposing the induced cells to a VECM extract. The induced cells were seeded onto VECM in vitro for 1 week, and then the compound grafts were used for ureter reconstitution in vivo. The grafts were obtained for histological studies at 2, 4, 8, and 16 weeks post-operation. Intravenous urography was used to evaluate renal function and ureteral patency. Flow cytometry demonstrated that the MDSC expressed Sca-1 and desmin, but did not express CD45. After induction, SMC phenotype gene expression was confirmed in the induced cells by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot studies. VECM exhibited a nontoxic effect on the induced cells in vitro. At 16 weeks post-operation, a histological evaluation showed that multilayered urothelium and organized muscle fiber bundles had formed in the grafts. Intravenous urography demonstrated no evidence of ureteral stricture or hydroureteronephrosis. These results demonstrate that MDSC can be induced into SMC and that this was useful for promoting regeneration of smooth muscles for ureter tissue engineering.Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 06/2012; 17(3). DOI:10.1007/s12257-011-0525-5 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a simple and easy method to fabricate magnetic carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by Fenton's reagent method without the addition of any cations. H(2)O(2) was added slowly into the FeSO(4) solution mixed with purified CNTs, and the resulting reactants were placed into a quartz tube to undergo heat treatment under a nitrogen/hydrogen flow. Iron oxide (Fe(2)O(3)) nanoparticles were uniformly dispersed on CNTs without any pretreatment such as strong acid or covalent functionalization processes. The as-produced magnetic CNTs were used as an adsorbent for removal of methyl orange (MO) dye from aqueous solutions. Adsorption experiments indicated that the magnetic CNTs have good adsorption capacity (q(e)) of MO (28 mg/g). The Freundlich isotherm model fitted the experiment data better than the Langmuir isotherm mode. The mean energy of adsorption was calculated as 3.72 kJ/mol based on the Dubinin-Radushkevich model, which suggests that the removal process was dominated by physical adsorption. Kinetic regression results showed that the adsorption kinetics was more accurately represented by a pseudo second-order model. Intra-particle diffusion was involved in the adsorption process, but it was not the only rate-controlling step. More importantly, a new photocatalytic regeneration technology can be enabled by the high nanoscale iron oxide loading (50%). The magnetic CNT adsorbents could be effectively and quickly separated by applying an external magnetic field and regenerated by UV photocatalysis. Therefore, CNTs/λ-Fe(2)O(3) hybrid is a promising magnetic nanomaterial for preconcentration and separation of organic pollutants for environmental remediation.Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 04/2012; 378(1):175-83. DOI:10.1016/j.jcis.2012.04.024 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Heart valve disease is a serious and growing public health problem for which prosthetic replacement is most commonly indicated. Current prosthetic devices are inadequate for younger adults and growing children. Tissue engineered living aortic valve conduits have potential for remodeling, regeneration, and growth, but fabricating natural anatomical complexity with cellular heterogeneity remain challenging. In the current study, we implement 3D bioprinting to fabricate living alginate/gelatin hydrogel valve conduits with anatomical architecture and direct incorporation of dual cell types in a regionally constrained manner. Encapsulated aortic root sinus smooth muscle cells (SMC) and aortic valve leaflet interstitial cells (VIC) were viable within alginate/gelatin hydrogel discs over 7 days in culture. Acellular 3D printed hydrogels exhibited reduced modulus, ultimate strength, and peak strain reducing slightly over 7-day culture, while the tensile biomechanics of cell-laden hydrogels were maintained. Aortic valve conduits were successfully bioprinted with direct encapsulation of SMC in the valve root and VIC in the leaflets. Both cell types were viable (81.4 ± 3.4% for SMC and 83.2 ± 4.0% for VIC) within 3D printed tissues. Encapsulated SMC expressed elevated alpha-smooth muscle actin, while VIC expressed elevated vimentin. These results demonstrate that anatomically complex, heterogeneously encapsulated aortic valve hydrogel conduits can be fabricated with 3D bioprinting. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A, 2012.Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A 05/2013; 101A(5). DOI:10.1002/jbm.a.34420 · 3.37 Impact Factor
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