A case of reversible restless legs syndrome (RLS) and sleep-related eating disorder relapse triggered by acute right leg herpes zoster infection: Literature review of spinal cord and peripheral nervous system contributions to RLS
ABSTRACT Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is thought to be due to abnormalities of iron metabolism in the central nervous system; however, occasional cases are associated with lesions of the spinal cord, spinal rootlets, and peripheral nervous system. This is a case report of RLS exacerbated by shingles with a review of the literature of extra-cerebral lesions or disorders causing or contributing to RLS.
- Sleep Medicine 06/2010; 11(6):503-4. DOI:10.1016/j.sleep.2010.03.007 · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine the frequency of nocturnal eating (NE) and sleep related eating disorder (SRED) in restless legs syndrome (RLS) versus psychophysiological insomnia (INS), and the relationship of these conditions with dopaminergic and sedative-hypnotic medications. Prospective case series. Sleep disorders center. Newly diagnosed RLS or INS. RLS or INS pharmacotherapy with systematic follow up interview for NE/SRED. Patients presenting with RLS (n = 88) or INS (n = 42) were queried for the presence of NE and SRED. RLS patients described nocturnal eating (61%) and SRED (36%) more frequently than INS patients (12% and 0%; both p < 0.0001). These findings were not due to arousal frequency, as INS patients were more likely to have prolonged nightly awakenings (93%) than RLS patients (64%; p = 0.003). Among patients on sedative-hypnotics, amnestic SRED and sleepwalking were more common in the setting of RLS (80%) than INS (8%; p < 0.0001). Further, NE and SRED in RLS were not secondary to dopaminergic therapy, as RLS patients demonstrated a substantial drop (68% to 34%; p = 0.0026) in the frequency of NE after dopamine agents were initiated, and there were no cases of dopaminergic agents inducing novel NE or SRED. NE is common in RLS and not due to frequent nocturnal awakenings or dopaminergic agents. Amnestic SRED occurs predominantly in the setting of RLS mistreatment with sedating agents. In light of previous reports, these findings suggest that nocturnal eating is a non-motor manifestation of RLS with several clinical implications discussed here.Journal of clinical sleep medicine: JCSM: official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine 01/2012; 8(4):413-9. DOI:10.5664/jcsm.2036 · 2.83 Impact Factor