Attitudes and interests toward research among students at two colleges of acupuncture and Oriental medicine.
ABSTRACT Collaborative input from clinicians of acupuncture and Oriental medicine (AOM) is required for sound AOM research, and AOM training institutions have begun to include research education into their curriculum. However, few attempts have been made to systematically evaluate AOM practitioners' perspectives on the value of research to their profession.
We conducted surveys of AOM students at two institutions that have begun to integrate research training into their curriculum, the New England School of Acupuncture and the Oregon College of Oriental Medicine. Surveys were conducted to assess current attitudes regarding the value of research and to serve as a reference point for documenting the impact of ongoing research training programs on these attitudes. Surveys at both institutions were independently developed and administered but shared seven questions that were phrased very similarly. This paper summarizes responses to these questions.
Surveys at both institutions suggest interest in research among AOM students is high in first-year students; students in later years showed a lower level of interest, but the cross-sectional design of this survey does not allow any temporal effects to be inferred. Results also indicate that AOM students believe research is highly relevant to how both the public and the health insurance industry view their system of healthcare but not highly relevant to their own clinical practice of AOM. The belief that research is of limited relevance to clinical practice was associated with widespread belief that scientific methods may not be consistent with the principles of AOM.
Results of these surveys provide important preliminary information about attitudes of AOM students toward research, and thus the value and future specific needs of research training programs targeting this population. Repeated implementation of validated versions of our surveys are needed to confirm the trends we report and to evaluate the impact of research training programs already in place on AOM students' attitudes toward research.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: Educating healthcare practitioners to understand, critically evaluate, and apply evidence to the clinical practice of complementary and alternative medicine has been an important initiative for the National Institutes of Health National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Objective: To determine the self-assessed research skills and interest of faculty at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (New York campus) and their likely support of, and participatory interest in, an evidence-based medicine (EBM) training program. Design: The survey was administered in Survey Monkey. All questions were close-ended with 5-point Likert answers, except for one open-ended question at the end of the survey. Setting: One of three campuses of Pacific College of Oriental Medicine (PCOM), the largest Chinese medicine college in the United States. Participants: 102 faculty employed at PCOM. Results: The response rate was 88.7%. Responses illustrated a generally high degree of interest and support for research, EBM, and institutional participation in research activities. Faculty who responded to the open-ended question (19.6% of respondents) expressed concerns about the relevance of research to Chinese medicine and the possibility of co-option by biomedicine. Conclusions: While faculty were overall supportive and interested in research and EBM, the results are consistent with the hypothesis that success of EBM training programs could be enhanced by soliciting and addressing faculty concerns and by being inclusive of approaches that honor the traditions of Chinese medicine and its own forms of clinical evidence.Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.) 08/2014; 20(9). DOI:10.1089/acm.2014.0138 · 1.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives To investigate pharmacy students' perceptions of research in general and attitudes towards pharmacy practice research (PPR) at each stage of the under-graduate programme and determine any relationship between perceptions and atti-tudes, and to validate a measure of attitudes towards PPR in an Australian cohort of pharmacy students. Methods A 23-item survey was administered to all students enrolled in each year of the 4-year pharmacy undergraduate programme, University of Sydney, Australia. Perceptions of research in general were measured with four items on a five-point semantic-differential scale and attitudes towards PPR with19 items on a five-point Likert scale. Key findings In total 853 students responded to the survey (83% response rate). While students perceived research to be necessary, they found it difficult and were divided in their interests in pursuing research. Attitudes towards PPR were assessed within five identified domains: 'role of PPR in the curriculum' , 'engaging in PPR activities' , 'confidence to do PPR' , 'faculty involvement of students in PPR' and 'role of PPR in the profession' . Most participants agreed that PPR played an important part in the profession and curriculum but almost half of the cohort lacked confi-dence to undertake PPR, with very few holding positive attitudes towards all five domains. The PPR instrument was found to be valid and reliable. There were signifi-cant differences in perceptions and attitudes at various stages of the degree. Conclusions Future research should investigate changes in perceptions and atti-tudes in a single cohort over the 4-year degree, explore factors influencing attitudes and identify strategies for stimulating research interest.International Journal of Pharmacy Practice 01/2012; DOI:10.1111/j.2042-7174.2012.00241.x
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the profile and health attitudes of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners in Singapore. A descriptive survey with convenience and snowball sampling were used. An anonymous self-administered survey was sent to 130 practitioners found in publicly accessible online practitioner registers, groups, and directories practicing CAM modalities from April 2010 to October 2010. Participants' demographics, business structure, and attitudes towards health, CAM and orthodox medicine (OM). Response rate was 32%. The data suggest that the typical CAM practitioner in Singapore is a middle-aged female who specialises in more than one CAM modality. Almost half (45%) of the participants possessed a degree and massage is the most commonly practiced modality. Participants practiced an average of 2-3 therapies and group-practice size ranged from 2 to 15 practitioners. Most participants (69%) experienced a radical change in job type to become a CAM practitioner and their previous employment suggests a slightly middle-class profile. The cost and duration of initial consultation and treatment ranged from SG$20 to SG$345 and 30-120min, respectively. The most common source of CAM information was seminars/lectures/workshops (76%). Communication and referral between CAM and orthodox medicine practitioners are high (>70%). Participants perceived CAM to be more suitable for disease prevention than treatment of serious medical conditions. This study provides important base-line data that will help future researchers explore further Singaporean CAM practitioners' business aspirations, and attitudes towards regulation and integration with OM.Complementary therapies in medicine 02/2013; 21(1):42-9. DOI:10.1016/j.ctim.2012.10.004 · 2.22 Impact Factor