ABSTRACT Meyerson phenomenon is an uncommon clinical condition that is characterized by an eczematous halo surrounding a preexisting melanocytic nevus and numerous other lesions. The etiology of this condition is unknown. We suggest that the mechanism is due to the interaction between CD4 T lymphocytes and increased expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1).
This article provides a concise overview of Meyerson phenomenon.
We present the case of a 37-year-old female with an inflamed nevus located on her thigh from no evident cause. Her condition resolved with surgical excision of the nevus. Histopathology of the specimen demonstrated spongiosis and lymphocytic infiltrate with eosinophils, which confirmed the diagnosis of Meyerson phenomenon.
Meyerson phenomenon can resolve spontaneously or with treatment of either topical steroids or surgical excision. The main concern with benign lesions presenting with inflammation is malignant transformation; thus, clinicians need to be more aware of Meyerson phenomenon.
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ABSTRACT: Eczematous (spongiotic) reaction in melanocytic lesions (Meyerson's phenomenon) has not been systematically analyzed and has not been convincingly documented in melanoma. We analyzed 64 consecutive melanocytic lesions with spongiotic reaction, occurring in 57 patients (age range 14-81 years; mean, 39 years; 30 females, 27 males) including 16 common acquired nevi, 3 nevi with congenital features, 2 Spitz nevi, 29 dysplastic nevi, 6 in situ and 8 invasive melanomas. The intensity of the spongiotic reaction was graded as mild in 24 (38%), moderate in 22 (34%) and marked in 18 (28%) lesions. It was moderate/marked in 6 of 14 (43%) in situ or invasive melanomas. Upward migration of melanocytes in the epidermis was noted in 7 (33%) non-dysplastic and 10 (34%) dysplastic nevi but was generally limited to the lower half of the epidermis. Moderate/severe cytologic atypia was found in 14 (48%) dysplastic nevi and all melanomas but not in non-dysplastic nevi. Prominent spongiotic reaction with eosinophils in the inflammatory infiltrate can affect all types of melanocytic lesions. Upward migration involving the uppermost layers of the epidermis, especially when extensive and present in areas with a less pronounced spongiotic reaction, and moderate/severe cytologic atypia indicate a melanoma.Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 07/2012; 39(10):901-10. DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0560.2012.01960.x · 1.56 Impact Factor
Article: Dermatofibroma and halo dermatitis.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The occurrence of a halo of dermatitis surrounding acquired naevi was initially reported by Meyerson in 1971 with histological features of focal spongiosis, parakeratosis, irregular acanthosis and a lymphocytic infiltrate in the upper dermis. When the same inflammatory reaction occurs around other lesions it is referred to as the Meyerson phenomenon or halo dermatitis. We report a rare case of the Meyerson phenomenon occurring around a dermatofibroma in a 69-year-old woman. This case highlights that the phenomenon may occur in a broad range of clinical scenarios and is not limited to acquired naevi in young adults.Australasian Journal of Dermatology 05/2012; 53(2):145-7. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-0960.2010.00726.x · 0.98 Impact Factor