Article

Strain Background Modifies Phenotypes in the ATP8B1-Deficient Mouse

UCSF Liver Center, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.23). 02/2010; 5(2):e8984. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008984
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mutations in ATP8B1 (FIC1) underlie cases of cholestatic disease, ranging from chronic and progressive (progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis) to intermittent (benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis). The ATP8B1-deficient mouse serves as an animal model of human ATP8B1 deficiency.
We investigated the effect of genetic background on phenotypes of ATP8B1-deficient and wild-type mice, using C57Bl/6 (B6), 129, and (B6-129) F1 strain backgrounds. B6 background resulted in greater abnormalities in ATP8B1-deficient mice than did 129 and/or F1 background. ATP8B1-deficient pups of B6 background gained less weight. In adult ATP8B1-deficient mice at baseline, those of B6 background had lower serum cholesterol levels, higher serum alkaline phosphatase levels, and larger livers. After challenge with cholate-supplemented diet, these mice exhibited higher serum alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin levels, greater weight loss and larger livers. ATP8B1-deficient phenotypes in mice of F1 and 129 backgrounds are usually similar, suggesting that susceptibility to manifestations of ATP8B1 deficiency may be recessive. We also detected differences in hepatobiliary phenotypes between wild-type mice of differing strains.
Our results indicate that the ATP8B1-deficient mouse in a B6 background may be a better model of human ATP8B1 deficiency and highlight the importance of informed background strain selection for mouse models of liver disease.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Ronald P Oude Elferink, Aug 28, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
139 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) participate in the control of chronic neuropathic and inflammatory pain, and these receptors could play a role on acute pain. We used null (PPAR-α -/-) and wild-type female mice and the PPAR-α blocker GW6471 to evaluate (1) the role of PPAR-α on neuropathic pain, (2) the involvement of PPAR-α on visceral and acute thermal nociception, and (3) tissue levels of pro-inflammatory factors. Neuropathic pain was induced by sciatic nerve ligature. Acute thermal nociception was evaluated through hot-plate, tail-immersion, and writhing tests. The pro-inflammatory factors nitric oxide, TNF-α, and interleukins-1β and -3 were measured. Regarding neuropathic pain, higher sensitivity to thermal and mechanical non-noxious and noxious stimuli was observed in mice lacking PPAR-α. Cold and mechanical allodynia and heat hyperalgesia were augmented in null mice. With respect to visceral nociception, writhes after acetic acid were enhanced in mutant mice. Although basal thermal sensitivity was enhanced in PPAR-α -/- mice, cutaneous thermal nociception did not differ between genotypes. Blockade of PPAR-α was devoid of effects on acute thermal and writhing tests. Finally, nerve ligature enhanced pro-inflammatory factors in plantar tissue, levels being higher in null mice. No changes in pro-inflammatory factors were observed in the hot-plate test. Genetic ablation of PPAR-α is involved in neuropathic and visceral nociception. Lack of PPAR-α is not involved in acute thermal pain, but it is involved in basal thermal reaction. Changes are biological adaptations to receptor deletion because blockade of PPAR-α does not affect inflammatory pain or thermal reactions.
    Psychopharmacology 02/2012; 222(3):477-88. DOI:10.1007/s00213-012-2662-8 · 3.99 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bile secretion is essential for whole body sterol homeostasis. Loss-of-function mutations in specific canalicular transporters in the hepatocyte disrupt bile flow and result in cholestasis. We show that two of these transporters, ABCB11 and ATP8B1, are functional targets of miR-33, a micro-RNA that is expressed from within an intron of SREBP-2. Consequently, manipulation of miR-33 levels in vivo with adenovirus or with antisense oligonucleotides results in changes in bile secretion and bile recovery from the gallbladder. Using radiolabelled cholesterol, we show that systemic silencing of miR-33 leads to increased sterols in bile and enhanced reverse cholesterol transport in vivo. Finally, we report that simvastatin causes, in a dose-dependent manner, profound hepatotoxicity and lethality in mice fed a lithogenic diet. These latter results are reminiscent of the recurrent cholestasis found in some patients prescribed statins. Importantly, pretreatment of mice with anti-miR-33 oligonucleotides rescues the hepatotoxic phenotype. Therefore, we conclude that miR-33 mediates some of the undesired, hepatotoxic effects of statins.
    EMBO Molecular Medicine 09/2012; 4(9):882-95. DOI:10.1002/emmm.201201228 · 8.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs are a group of endogenous, small non-coding RNA molecules that can induce translation repression of target genes within metazoan cells by specific base pairing with the mRNA of target genes. Recently, microRNA-33 has been discovered as a key regulator in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. This review highlights the impact of microRNA-33-mediated regulation in the major cardiometabolic risk factors of atherosclerosis including lipid metabolism (HDL biogenesis and cholesterol homeostasis, fatty acid, phospholipid and triglyceride, bile acids metabolism), inflammatory response, insulin signaling and glucose/energy homeostasis, cell cycle progression and proliferation, and myeloid cell differentiation. Understanding the etiology and pathophysiology of microRNA-33 in atherosclerosis may provide basic knowledge for the development of novel therapeutic targets for ameliorating atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
    Atherosclerosis 12/2012; 227(2). DOI:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2012.11.025 · 3.97 Impact Factor
Show more