On the Fruit Consumption of Eurasian Badger (Meles meles) (Mammalia: Mustelidae) during the Autumn Season in Sredna Gora Mountains (Bulgaria)

Ecologia Balkanica 01/2009;
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT This case study was carried out at one badgers family territory by asingle collection (11.11.2002, north of Stara Zagora City, near Tabashka River) of faeces from the animal latrine sites. Total of 1361 individual food items were identified in Eurasian badger (Meles meles) faeces from which the fruits of the Cornel-tree (Cornus mas) strongly dominated (n=1332, 96.5% from all items, 98.2% from all fruits).

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Available from: Dilian Georgiev, Dec 13, 2013
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    ABSTRACT: The spatial distribution of latrines within a territory was bimodal, with the greatest densities of latrines close to the outside, and close to the centre, of the territory respectively. Boundary latrines were larger and more consistently used than hinterland latrines, but boundary latrines are visited by the members of more than one social group. There was a major peak in latrine use in spring and a minor peak in autumn. The spring peak was largely attributable to an increase in the use of hinterland latrines, the autumn peak to an increase in the use of boundary latrines. Males visited boundary latrines considerably more often than did females, but both sexes visited hinterland latrines equally often. Overmarking occurred equally often at both types of latrine and involved animals from the same as well as from different groups. The sex and seasonal differences in use of boundary latrines suggest that these function at least partly as a form of mate-guarding, to deter neighouring males from entering a territory for mating purposes. It is less clear why females mark at hinterland latrines. One possibility is that they function to defend the main burrow system, which is used for breeding; another is that they carry information about social status. Overmarking probably serves to obliterate the marks of competitors, which are members of neighbouring social groups in the case of boundary latrines, but may be members of the same social groups in the case of hinterland latrines. -from Authors
    Behaviour 12/1992; 127(3-4):289-307. DOI:10.1163/156853993X00074 · 1.23 Impact Factor