Confirmation of an association between rs6822844 at the Il2-Il21 region and multiple autoimmune diseases: evidence of a general susceptibility locus.
ABSTRACT Autoimmune diseases often have susceptibility genes in common, indicating similar molecular mechanisms. Increasing evidence suggests that rs6822844 at the IL2-IL21 region is strongly associated with multiple autoimmune diseases in individuals of European descent. This study was undertaken to attempt to replicate the association between rs6822844 and 6 different immune-mediated diseases in non-European populations, and to perform disease-specific and overall meta-analyses using data from previously published studies.
We evaluated case-control associations between rs6822844 and celiac disease (CD) in subjects from Argentina; rheumatoid arthritis (RA), type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM), primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in subjects from Colombia; and Behçet's disease (BD) in subjects from Turkey. Allele and gene distributions were compared between cases and controls. Meta-analyses were performed using data from the present study and previous studies.
We detected significant associations of rs6822844 with SLE (P = 0.008), type 1 DM (P = 0.014), RA (P = 0.019), and primary SS (P = 0.033) but not with BD (P = 0.34) or CD (P = 0.98). We identified little evidence of population differentiation (F(ST) = 0.01) within cases and controls from Argentina and Colombia, suggesting that association was not influenced by population substructure. Disease-specific meta-analysis indicated significant association for RA (P(meta) = 3.61 x 10(-6)), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD; Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis) (P(meta) = 3.48 x 10(-12)), type 1 DM (P(meta) = 5.33 x 10(-5)), and CD (P(meta) = 5.30 x 10(-3)). Overall meta-analysis across all autoimmune diseases reinforced association with rs6822844 (23 data sets; P(meta) = 2.61 x 10(-25), odds ratio 0.73 [95% confidence interval 0.69-0.78]).
Our results indicate that there is an association between rs6822844 and multiple autoimmune diseases in non-European populations. Meta-analysis results strongly reinforce this robust association across multiple autoimmune diseases in both European-derived and non-European populations.
Article: Interleukin 12 (IL12B), interleukin 12 receptor (IL12RB1) and interleukin 23 (IL23A) gene polymorphism in systemic lupus erythematosus.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the possible association between the interleukin-12B (IL12B) and interleukin-12 receptor beta 1 (IL12RB1) gene polymorphisms with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, we have undertaken a systematic search for genetic variants of interleukin 23 (IL23A). The study was conducted on 559 SLE patients and 603 ethnically matched healthy controls. Genotyping of the IL12B [IL12Bpro and IL12B 3' untranslated region (UTR)] and IL12RB1 (641A-->G, 1094T-->C and 1132G-->C) polymorphisms was performed with polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and PCR-fluorescent methods, whereas IL23A genetic variants were realized with direct sequencing. No statistically significant differences in the distribution of the IL12B and the IL12RB1 genotypes and alleles were observed when comparing SLE patients and control subjects. Additionally, no differences in the genotype and allele distribution were found when SLE patients were stratified according to the presence or absence of lupus nephritis. Despite an extensive analysis in 30 individuals, variations located in the exons and in the 5' and 3' UTR regions of IL23A gene were not found in any case. These results suggest that polymorphisms located in IL12B, IL12RB1 and IL23A genes may not play a relevant role in the susceptibility or severity of SLE in the Spanish population.Rheumatology 10/2005; 44(9):1136-9. · 4.06 Impact Factor