Study of a wireless power transmission system for an active capsule endoscope.

Institute of Precise Engineering and Intelligent Microsystems, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.49). 03/2010; 6(1):113-22. DOI: 10.1002/rcs.298
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An active capsule endoscope (ACE) will consume much more energy than can be power by batteries. Its orientation and position are always undetermined when it continues the natural way down the gastrointestinal track.
In order to deliver stable and sufficient energy to ACE safely, a wireless power transmission system based on inductive coupling is presented. The system consists of a Helmholtz primary coil outside and a multiple secondary coils inside the body. The Helmholtz primary coil is driven to generate a uniform alternating magnetic field covering the whole of the alimentary tract, and the multiple secondary coils receive energy regardless of the ACE's position and orientation relative to the generated magnetic field. The human tissue safety of the electromagnetic field generated by transmitting coil was evaluated, based on a high-resolution realistic human model.
At least 310 mW usable power can be transmitted under the worst geometrical conditions. Outer dimensions of the power receiver, 10 mm diameter x 12 mm; transmitting power, 25 W; resonant frequency, 400 kHz. The maximum specific absorption rate (SAR) and current density of human tissues are 0.329 W/kg and 3.82 A/m(2), respectively, under the basic restrictions of the International Commission on Non-ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP).
The designed wireless power transmission is shown to be feasible and potentially safe in a future application.

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