Delayed functional outcomes associated with surgical management of deep rectovaginal endometriosis with rectal involvement: giving patients an informed choice.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to compare delayed functional digestive and urinary outcomes following two different surgical procedures used in the management of rectal endometriosis.
Women who had undergone surgical management of rectal endometriosis with at least 1 year of post-operative follow-up were included in a retrospective study. Post-operative symptoms were evaluated using specific questionnaires which focused on pelvic pain and functional outcomes.
There were 41 women who underwent surgical treatment of symptomatic rectal endometriosis. Post-operative follow-up was completed over 26 +/- 13 months (range 12-53). Colorectal segmental resection was performed in 25 women (61%) and nodule excision in 16 (39%). An increase in the number of daily stools > or =3 was observed in 13 (52%) and 3 (19%) patients managed, respectively, by segmental resection and nodule excision (P = 0.02). Severe constipation (<1 stool/5 days) was recorded in three women having undergone segmental resection. The probabilities of being free of dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and non-cyclic pain at 24 months in women managed by segmental resection and nodule excision were, respectively, 80% (95% CI: 55-92%), 65% (95% CI: 42-81%), 43% (95% CI: 23-62%) and 62% (95% CI: 34-81%), 81% (95% CI: 52-94), 69% (95% CI: 40-86%). When pain recurrences occurred, a significantly lower post-operative score for pain was observed in both groups. No significant difference in pain improvement was found between surgical procedures.
Colorectal segmental resection appears to be associated with several unpleasant functional symptoms when compared with nodule excision. Information about functional outcomes should be provided to patients managed for rectal endometriosis, and should be considered when deciding on the most appropriate treatment of this disease.
Article: Does laparoscopic management of deep infiltrating endometriosis improve quality of life? A prospective study.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) can affect importantly patients' quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of the laparoscopic management of DIE on QOL after six months from treatment. It is a prospective cohort study. In a tertiary care university hospital, between April 2008 and December 2009, 100 patients underwent laparoscopic management of DIE and completed preoperatively and 6-months postoperatively a QOL questionnaire, the short form 36 (SF-36).Quality of life was measured through the SF-36 scores. Intra-operative details of disease site, number of lesions, type of intervention, period of hospital stay and peri-operative complications were noted. Six months postoperatively all the women had a significant improvement in every scale of the SF-36 (p < 0,0005). Among patients with intestinal DIE, significant differences in postoperative scores of SF-36 were not detected between patients submitted to nodule shaving and segmental resection (p > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the SF-36 scores at 6 months from surgery between patients who received postoperative medical treatment and patients who did not (p > 0.05). Laparoscopic excision of DIE lesions significantly improves general health and psycho-emotional status at six months from surgery without differences between patients submitted to intestinal segmental resection or intestinal nodule shaving.Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 11/2011; 9:98. · 2.11 Impact Factor