Article

Association of increased Visfatin/PBEF/NAMPT circulating concentrations and gene expression levels in peripheral blood cells with lipid metabolism and fatty liver in human morbid obesity

Metabolic Research Laboratory, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.
Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD (Impact Factor: 3.88). 04/2011; 21(4):245-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2009.09.008
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) is an adipokine with physiological effects on the control of glucose homeostasis as well as potentially involved in inflammation. The association of circulating NAMPT concentrations with obesity has not been clearly established. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of obesity on circulating concentrations and gene expression levels of NAMPT in human peripheral blood cells (PBCs) as well as its involvement in inflammation, glucose and lipid metabolism.
Forty-four serum samples obtained from 14 lean and 30 obese volunteers were used to analyse the circulating concentrations of NAMPT. In addition, PBC, omental adipose tissue (OM) and liver biopsy samples obtained from a subgroup of subjects were used to determine transcript levels of NAMPT by Real-time PCR. Glucose and lipid profile as well as several inflammatory factors and hepatic enzymes were analysed. NAMPT circulating concentrations (P<0.01) and gene expression levels in PBC (P<0.05) were significantly increased in obese patients as compared to lean subjects. Total-cholesterol (P=0.016), HDL-cholesterol (P=0.036) and triglycerides (P=0.050) were significant and independent determinants of circulating concentrations of NAMPT (P<0.01). Moreover, a positive correlation (P<0.01) was found with the hepatic enzymes alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyltransferase after BMI adjustment.
Our work shows that NAMPT circulating concentrations and mRNA expression levels in PBC are increased in obese patients and that plasma NAMPT levels are related to inflammation, lipid metabolism and hepatic enzymes suggesting a potential involvement in fatty liver disease and in the obesity-associated inflammatory state.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Amaia Rodríguez, Dec 17, 2013
0 Followers
 · 
197 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this article is to assess the potential relationships between TNFα gene promoter methylation in peripheral white blood cells and central adiposity (truncal fat), metabolic features and dietary fat intake. A group of 40 normal-weight young women (21±3y; BMI 21.0±1.7kg/m(2)) was included in this cross-sectional study. Anthropometric, biochemical and dietary data were assessed using validated procedures. DNA from white blood cells was isolated and 5-methylcytosine levels of the CpGs sites present in TNFα gene promoter (from -170 to +359 pb) were analyzed by Sequenom EpiTyper. Those women with high truncal fat (⩾52.3%) showed lower 5-methylcytosine levels (P<0.05) in the site CpG13 (at position +207) and CpG19 (+317 pb) of the TNFα gene promoter when were compared to women with lower truncal adiposity. The methylation levels of CpG13 were also correlated with circulating TNFα levels, which were higher in those women with greater truncal adiposity. In a linear regression model, truncal fat, HDL-cholesterol, insulin, plasma TNFα, and daily n-6 PUFA intake explained the methylation levels of CpG13 site +207 by 48% and the average of CpG13 and CpG19 by 43% (P<0.001). In conclusion, women with higher truncal fat showed lower methylation levels of TNFα promoter in peripheral white blood cells and higher plasma TNFα concentrations. DNA methylation levels of TNFα promoter were associated with some metabolic features and with n-6 PUFA intake, suggesting a complex nutriepigenomic network in the regulation of this recognized pro-inflammatory marker.
    Cytokine 06/2013; 64(1). DOI:10.1016/j.cyto.2013.05.028 · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Obesity, a condition characterized by increased fat content and altered secretion of adipokines, is a risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer. Visfatin has recently been established as a novel adipokine that is highly enriched in visceral fat. Here we report that visfatin regulated proliferation of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Exogenous administration of recombinant visfatin increased cell proliferation and DNA synthesis rate in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, visfatin activated G1-S phase cell cycle progression by upregulation of cyclin D1 and cdk2 expression. Visfatin also increased the expression of matrix metalloproteinases 2, matrix metalloproteinases 9, and vascular endothelial growth factor genes, suggesting that it may function in metastasis and angiogenesis of breast cancer. Taken together, these findings suggest that visfatin plays an important role in breast cancer progression.
    Moleculer Cells 10/2010; 30(4):341-345. DOI:10.1007/s10059-010-0124-x · 2.24 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Adipokines are signaling and mediator proteins secreted from adipose tissue. A novel adipokine, visfatin, was reported as a protein which was mainly expressed in visceral adipose tissue. Controversial results have been shown regarding the changes of adipokines following weight reduction. So we investigated the effects of weight reduction on serum concentrations of adiponectin and visfatin in morbidly obese subjects. Methods: 35 severely obese patients (26 females and 9 males), aged 15-58 years, were studied. Anthropometric parameters and biochemical parameters as well as adiponectin and visfatin were analyzed before and 6 weeks after weight reduction. Results: Anthropometric indices decreased significantly. Blood levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglyceride were reduced significantly. The reduction of visfatin and the elevation of adiponectin were significant as well. However, other parameters like fasting glucose and insulin did not change. Moreover, we could not find any significant correlation between the change of serum visfatin and that of adiponectin. Conclusions : 6-week weight reduction after bariatric surgery resulted in decreased serum visfatin and increased adiponectin levels. However, we cannot find any significant correlation between changes of adiponectin, visfatin, BMI, waist circumference, and insulin resistance. Further studies with different design are suggested to clarify these associations. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg.
    Obesity Facts 04/2013; 6(2):193-202. DOI:10.1159/000351162 · 1.71 Impact Factor