Article

BRCA1 represses amphiregulin gene expression.

Department of Pathology, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 9.28). 02/2010; 70(3):996-1005. DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-09-2842
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BRCA1, the breast cancer- and ovarian cancer-specific tumor suppressor, can be a transcriptional repressor or a transcriptional activator, depending on the promoter context. To identify the genes activated or repressed by BRCA1, we have analyzed microarray results from cells depleted of BRCA1 and revealed a number of genes regulated by BRCA1 on the level of transcription. Among the genes repressed by BRCA1, we have identified amphiregulin (AREG) and early growth response-1 (EGR1). Results indicate that BRCA1 regulates AREG transcription directly through binding to the AREG promoter, however, we could not detect BRCA1 on the EGR1 promoter, suggesting that EGR1 is indirectly regulated by BRCA1. In an attempt to identify the mechanism of the AREG transcriptional repression by BRCA1, we have mapped two independent BRCA1 response elements on the AREG located at positions -202/-182 and +19/+122. BRCA1 depletion leads to induction of the AREG protein. Taken together, our data build the connection between BRCA1 loss of function and AREG upregulation-a change in gene expression often observed in breast cancer.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
100 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amphiregulin (AREG) is a ligand of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a widely expressed transmembrane tyrosine kinase. AREG is synthesized as a membrane-anchored precursor protein that can engage in juxtacrine signaling on adjacent cells. Alternatively, after proteolytic processing by cell membrane proteases, mainly TACE/ADAM17, AREG is secreted and behaves as an autocrine or paracrine factor. AREG gene expression and release is induced by a plethora of stimuli including inflammatory lipids, cytokines, hormones, growth factors and xenobiotics. Through EGFR binding AREG activates major intracellular signaling cascades governing cell survival, proliferation and motility. Physiologically, AREG plays an important role in the development and maturation of mammary glands, bone tissue and oocytes. Chronic elevation of AREG expression is increasingly associated with different pathological conditions, mostly of inflammatory and/or neoplastic nature. Here we review the essential aspects of AREG structure, function and regulation, discuss the basis for its differential role within the EGFR family of ligands, and identify emerging aspects in AREG research with translational potential.
    Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology 01/2014; · 6.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The CCND1 gene, which is frequently overexpressed in cancers, encodes the regulatory subunit of a holoenzyme that phosphorylates the retinoblastoma protein. Although it is known that cyclin D1 regulates estrogen receptor (ER)α transactivation using heterologous reporter systems, the in vivo biological significance of cyclin D1 to estrogen-dependent signaling, and the molecular mechanisms by which cyclin D1 is involved, are yet to be elucidated. Herein, genome-wide expression profiling conducted of 17β-estradiol-treated castrated virgin mice deleted of the Ccnd1 gene demonstrated that cyclin D1 determines estrogen-dependent gene expression for 88% of estrogen-responsive genes in vivo. In addition, expression profiling of 17β-estradiol-stimulated cyclin D1 small interfering RNA treated MCF7 cells shows cyclin D1 is required for estrogen-mediated gene expression in vitro. Genome-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation-Seq analysis revealed a cyclin D1-DNA bound form associated with genes that were regulated by estrogen in a cyclin D1-dependent manner. The cyclin D1-dependent estrogen signaling pathways identified in vivo were highly enriched for extracellular membrane-associated growth factor receptors (epidermal growth factor receptor, ErbB3, and EphB3) and their ligands (amphiregulin, encoded by AREG gene), and matrix metalloproteinase. The AREG protein, a pivotal ligand for epidermal growth factor receptors to promote cellular proliferation, was induced by cyclin D1 via the AREG promoter. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated the recruitment of cyclin D1 to the BRCA1/ERα binding site of the Areg gene. Cyclin D1 genetic deletion demonstrated the in vivo requirement for cyclin D1 in assembling the estrogen-dependent amplified in breast cancer 1-associated multiprotein complex. The current studies define a requirement for cyclin D1 in estrogen-dependent signaling modules governing growth factor receptor and ligand expression in vivo and reveal a noncanonical function of cyclin D1 at ERα target gene promoters. Cyclin D1 mediates the convergence of ERα and growth factor signaling at a common cis-element of growth factor genes.
    Molecular Endocrinology 07/2013; · 4.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Microarray-based techniques are being useful to obtain miRNA and gene expression signatures associated with different tumors. BRCA1 deregulation is a frequent event in the pathogenesis of breast as well as other cancers. In addition to DNA repair functions of BRCA1, it is involved in a wide range of cellular processes such as cell cycle, chromatin remodeling or transcription. However, the molecular events underlying BRCA1-associated tumorigenesis are still largely unknown. In order to deepen our understanding of BRCA1-associated tumorigenesis, we integrated data from mRNA and miRNA microarray experiments on HCC1937 breast cancer cell line, and the isogenic HCC1937 stably expressing BRCA1, to obtain significant miRNA–mRNA relationships associated with the presence of BRCA1 gene. By using bio-informatic integration of gene and miRNA expression data, we found significant miRNA–gene relationships underlying the array signatures. We additionally evaluated the role of these statistically significant pairs at the biological pathways level and identified MAPK and NF-jB pathways associated with these expression changes. Furthermore, we experimen-tally validated miRNAs induced by BRCA1 that commonly regulate TRAF2, a key regulator of NF-jB and MAPK path-ways. We demonstrate that miR-146a, miR-99b and miR-205, induced in HCC1937 BRCA1-expressing cells, bind and regulate TRAF2 gene. In addition, re-expression of miR-146a, miR-99b or miR-205 in HCC1937 BRCA1-null cells was sufficient to modulate NF-jB activity. Our results demon-strate that integration of mRNA and miRNA associated with BRCA1 expression was useful to discover new miRNA–gene interactions as molecular events underlying BRCA1-mediated tumorigenesis.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 01/2012; · 4.47 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
2 Downloads
Available from

Similar Publications