Diagnostic accuracy of 64-slice multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography in patients with an intermediate pretest likelihood for coronary artery disease.
ABSTRACT Data on the diagnostic accuracy of multislice computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTA) have been mostly derived from patients with a high pretest likelihood of coronary artery disease. Systematic comparisons with invasive angiography in patients with an intermediate pretest likelihood are scarce. The purpose of the present study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of CTA in patients without known coronary artery disease with an intermediate pretest likelihood. A total of 61 patients (61% men, average age 57 + or - 9 years) who had been referred for invasive coronary angiography underwent additional 64-slice CTA. A total of 920 segments were identified by invasive coronary angiography, of which 885 (96%) were interpretable on CTA. Invasive coronary angiography identified a significant stenosis (> or = 50% luminal narrowing) in 29 segments, of which 23 were detected on CTA. Thus, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value was 79%, 98%, 61%, and 99%, respectively, for CTA. On a patient level, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value was 100%, 89%, 76%, and 100%, respectively. CTA correctly ruled out the presence of significant stenosis in 40 (66%) of the 61 patients. In conclusion, the results from the present study have confirmed that CTA has excellent diagnostic accuracy in the target population of patients with an intermediate pretest likelihood. The high negative predictive value allowed us to rule out significant stenosis in a large proportion of patients. CTA can, therefore, be used as a highly effective gatekeeper for invasive coronary angiography.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the accuracy of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) using prospective ECG-triggering for the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). A total of 30 patients (19 males, 11 females, mean age 58.8 +/- 9.9 years) underwent low-dose CTCA and invasive coronary angiography (CA) [median 2 days (0, 41)]. Before CT scanning, intravenous beta-blocker was administered in 18 of 30 patients as heart rate (HR) was >65 b.p.m., achieving a mean HR of 55.7 +/- 7.9 b.p.m. CAD was defined as coronary artery narrowing > or =50%, using CA as standard of reference. The estimated mean effective radiation dose was 2.1 +/- 0.7 mSv (range: 1.0-3.3), yielding 96.0% (383/399) of evaluable segments. On an intention-to-diagnose-base, all non-evaluative segments were included in the analysis. Vessels with a non-evaluative segment and no further finding were censored as false positive. Patient-based analysis revealed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 100, 83.3, 90.0, and 100%, respectively. The respective values per vessel were 100, 88.9, 85.7, and 100%, respectively. Prospective ECG-triggering allows low-dose CTCA and provides high diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of CAD in patients with stable sinus rhythm and a low heart rate.European Heart Journal 11/2008; 29(24):3037-42. · 14.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To assess costs and clinical outcomes in individuals without known coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent multidetector computed tomographic (CT) angiography compared with those in matched patients who underwent myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Data were captured from a deidentified, HIPAA-compliant data warehouse. We examined 1-year CAD costs (additional diagnostic coronary testing, CAD hospitalization, and coronary procedural and revascularization costs) and clinical outcomes in individuals without known CAD who underwent multidetector CT (n = 1647) compared with those in a matched cohort of patients who underwent myocardial perfusion SPECT (n = 6588). Cox proportional hazards models were employed for clinical outcome measures, including CAD hospitalization, myocardial infarction, and angina. Adjusted CAD costs in the multidetector CT group were 25.9% lower than in the myocardial perfusion SPECT group, by an average of $1075 (95% confidence interval [CI]: $243, $2570) per patient. Those in the multidetector CT group were more likely to undergo downstream testing with myocardial perfusion SPECT (odds ratio, 6.65; 95% CI: 5.05, 8.75; P < .001), while those in the myocardial perfusion SPECT group were more likely to undergo downstream testing with invasive angiography (odds ratio, 6.25; 95% CI: 4.35, 9.09; P < .001). The multidetector CT group was less likely to undergo coronary revascularization (hazard ratio, 0.76; 95% CI: 0.75, 0.77; P < .001) than the myocardial perfusion SPECT group. There was no significant difference between multidetector CT and myocardial perfusion SPECT groups for rates of myocardial infarction (0.4% for both) or CAD hospitalization (0.7% vs 1.1%, respectively), while rates of angina were significantly lower in the multidetector CT group (4.3% vs 6.4%, P < .001). Individuals without known CAD who underwent multidetector CT as an initial diagnostic test, compared with those who underwent myocardial perfusion SPECT, incurred lower health care costs with similar rates of myocardial infarction and CAD-related hospitalization.Radiology 11/2008; 249(1):62-70. · 6.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of coronary-artery disease has become increasingly complex. Many different results, obtained from tests with substantial imperfections, must be integrated into a diagnostic conclusion about the probability of disease in a given patient. To approach this problem in a practical manner, we reviewed the literature to estimate the pretest likelihood of disease (defined by age, sex and symptoms) and the sensitivity and specificity of four diagnostic tests: stress electrocardiography, cardiokymography, thallium scintigraphy and cardiac fluoroscopy. With this information, test results can be analyzed by use of Bayes' theorem of conditional probability. This approach has several advantages. It pools the diagnostic experience of many physicians ans integrates fundamental pretest clinical descriptors with many varying test results to summarize reproducibly and meaningfully the probability of angiographic coronary-artery disease. This approach also aids, but does not replace, the physician's judgment and may assit in decisions on cost effectiveness of tests.New England Journal of Medicine 07/1979; 300(24):1350-8. · 51.66 Impact Factor