Development of an immunochromatographic strip for the detection of antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O.
ABSTRACT An immunochromatographic strip was developed for the serological detection of type O foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in swine. In the strip, the expressed protein of VP1, the main protective antigen of FMDV, labeled with colloidal gold was used as the detector, the staphylococcal protein A (SPA) and swine anti-foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) antibody were blotted on the nitrocellulose membrane for the test and control lines, respectively. 296 swine serum samples were collected to evaluate the characteristics of the strip in comparison with existing commercial liquid-phage blocking ELISA (LPB ELISA) kit and peptide ELISA kit. The strip was shown to be of high specificity and sensitivity. Furthermore, the dipstick assay based on the strip is rapid (5 min) and easy to perform with no requirement of professional skills, reagents nor equipment. This suggests that the immunochromatographic strip is an acceptable alternative for use in clinical laboratories lacking specialized equipment and for field diagnosis.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is an extremely contagious viral disease of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, and many cloven-hoofed wild animals. FMDV serotypes O and Asia 1 have circulated separately in China during the last fifty years, and eliminating infected animals and vaccination are the main policies to prevent and control FMD. Antibodies to NSPs exist in infected animals, and were utilized to differentiate between infected and vaccinated animals. The reliability of detection of 3AB or 3ABC antibodies is higher than that of other NSPs. The test of 3AB is still credible because 3C protein's immunogenicity is the weakest. The 2C protein, immediately N-terminal of 3AB, was used to differentiate between infected and vaccinated animals. The use of the immunochromatographic strip is facile for clinical laboratories lacking specialized equipment and for rapid field diagnosis. In this study, an immunochromatographic strip with non-structural protein (NSP) 2C'3AB was developed and validated to differentiate foot-and-mouth disease infected from vaccinated animals. A part of N-terminal of 2C protein gene and whole 3AB gene were connected and prokaryotically expressed as the antigens labeled with colloidal gold was used as the detector, the 2C'3AB protein and rabbits anti-2C'3AB antibodies were blotted on the nitrocellulose(NC) membrane for the test and control lines, respectively. 387 serum samples were collected to evaluate the characteristics of the strip in comparison with existing commercial 3ABC antibody ELISA kit. The coincidence rate of pigs negative serum, pigs vaccinated serum, pigs infected serum was 100%, 97.2%, 95.0%, respectively. The coincidence rate of cattle negative serum, cattle vaccinated serum, cattle infected serum was 100%, 96.7%, 98.0%, respectively. The coincidence rate of sheep negative serum, sheep infected serum was 97.6%, 96.3%, respectively. The strip was shown to be of high specificity and sensitivity, good repeatability and stability. These data suggest that the immunochromatographic strip is a useful tool for rapid on-site diagnosing animals infected foot-and-mouth disease virus.Virology Journal 01/2011; 8:186. · 2.09 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The genes encoding the Erns and E2 antigen epitopes of classical swine fever virus (CSFV) were expressed as a chimeric protein in Escherichia coli BL21 by pET expression system. The antigenicity of the expressed protein CnC2 was identified by indirect enzyme-linked immunoabsorbant assay (ELISA) and immunoblot with anti-CSFV antibodies. Based on the CnC2 protein, an immunochromatographic strip was developed to evaluate the antibody titer of serum samples from swine vaccinated with CSFV vaccine rapidly. The chimeric protein used as a detector was labeled with colloidal gold. Staphylococcal protein A (SPA) and anti-CnC2 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were blotted onto the nitrocellulose membrane as the test and control lines, respectively. The strip assay could be performed within 5min, which did not require any special equipment or skills. Through testing sera against various strains of CSFV, the sensitivity of the strip was determined to be 97.0% (65/67) and the specificity was 100% (98/98). The strip results were consistent with those of the existing commercial ELISA kit, and their correlation coefficient was 0.935. In conclusion, the immunochromatographic strip was an acceptable method for surveying CSFV-antibody titers in pigs.Journal of virological methods 12/2011; 180(1-2):32-7. · 2.13 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The incidence of PHE among pigs in many countries is on the rise, and it has caused great economic losses to the pig industry. Therefore, the development of a sensitive, specific, and easily-performed assay is crucial for the rapid detection and surveillance of PHE-CoV infection and transmission. RESULTS: An immunochromatographic strip was developed for the detection of PHE-CoV. The colloidal gold-labeled MAb 4D4 was used as the detection reagent, and the MAb 1E2 and goat anti-mouse IgG coated the strip's test and control lines, respectively. The immunochromatographic strip was capable of specifically detecting PHE-CoV with a HA unit of 2 within 10 min. Storage of the strips at room temperature for 6 months or at 4 [DEGREE SIGN]C for 12 months did not change their sensitivity or specificity. Using RT-PCR as a reference test, the relative specificity and sensitivity of the immunochromatographic strip were determined to be 100% and 97.78%, respectively. There was an excellent agreement between the results obtained by RT-PCR and the immunochromatographic strips (kappa = 0.976). Additionally, there was a strong agreement between the sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunochromatographic strips (Kappa = 0.976). When the immunochromatographic strips were used for diagnosing PHE-CoV infection in the Jilin Province, the PHE-CoV-positive rate ranged from 61.54% in the Jilin district to 17.95% in the Songyuan district. CONCLUSIONS: Based on its high specificity, sensitivity, and stability, the immunochromatographic strip would be suitable for on-site detection of PHE-CoV for surveillance and epidemiological purposes.Virology Journal 08/2012; 9(1):172. · 2.09 Impact Factor