Article

Hatha yoga for depression: Critical review of the evidence for efficacy, plausible mechanisms of action, and directions for future research

Brown University School of Medicine and Butler Hospital 345 Blackstone Boulevard, Providence, RI 02906, USA.
Journal of psychiatric practice 01/2010; 16(1):22-33. DOI: 10.1097/01.pra.0000367775.88388.96
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this article is to review the evidence for the efficacy of hatha yoga for depression and possible mechanisms by which yoga may have an impact on depression, and to outline directions for future research.
Literature review and synthesis.
A literature search for clinical trials examining yoga for depression uncovered eight trials: 5 including individuals with clinical depression, and 3 for individuals with elevated depression symptoms. Although results from these trials are encouraging, they should be viewed as very preliminary because the trials, as a group, suffered from substantial methodological limitations. We would argue, however, that there are several reasons to consider constructing careful research on yoga for depression. First, current strategies for treating depression are not sufficient for many individuals, and patients have several concerns about existing treatments. Yoga may be an attractive alternative to or a good way to augment current depression treatment strategies. Second, aspects of yoga-including mindfulness promotion and exercise-are thought to be "active ingredients" of other successful treatments for depression. Third, there are plausible biological, psychological, and behavioral mechanisms by which yoga may have an impact on depression. We provide suggestions for the next steps in the study of yoga as a treatment for depression.

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    • "In mental health , Iyengar yoga has consistently shown positive effects on depression ( Shapiro et al . , 2007 ; Uebelacker et al . , 2010 ) , leading to improved autonomic responses to stress and self - regulating coping behaviours ( Kinser , Goehler , & Taylor , 2012 ; Streeter , Gerbarg , Saper , Ciraulo , & Brown , 2012 ) . Yoga breathing exercises and gentle yoga postures lessen anxiety ( Li & Goldsmith , 2012 ) , resulting in reduced state anxiety , psychological str"
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    Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology 07/2015; DOI:10.1080/14789949.2015.1062996#.VcHpk_Oqqko · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    • "In mental health , Iyengar yoga has consistently shown positive effects on depression ( Shapiro et al . , 2007 ; Uebelacker et al . , 2010 ) , leading to improved autonomic responses to stress and self - regulating coping behaviours ( Kinser , Goehler , & Taylor , 2012 ; Streeter , Gerbarg , Saper , Ciraulo , & Brown , 2012 ) . Yoga breathing exercises and gentle yoga postures lessen anxiety ( Li & Goldsmith , 2012 ) , resulting in reduced state anxiety , psychological str"
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    ABSTRACT: Although emerging evidence of yoga interventions shows benefits for people with schizophrenia, research is lacking regarding yoga interventions among forensic inpatients. This pilot study investigated the acceptability and effectiveness of an eight-week mindful yoga programme in improving psychological outcomes in 26 forensic inpatients. Outcome measures included the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation – Outcome Measure as well as a qualitative component post-intervention and at two-month follow-up. Trends in the predicted direction suggested reductions in clinical symptoms over time, specifically anxiety. Key themes revealed increased body awareness, relaxation and self-directed yoga practices and breathing techniques for anxiety management. Ninety-two percent reported acceptance of the programme. Preliminary findings are encouraging and warrant further research into the application of mindful yoga in the management of distress and risk with forensic inpatients.
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    • "Andere leefstijlveranderingen zijn minder uitgebreid onderzocht, maar er worden soms positieve resultaten gevon- den. Yoga bijvoorbeeld, heeft een positieve invloed op depressie, angst en slaapstoornissen (Balasubramaniam et al., 2013; Uebelacker et al., 2010) en bij schizofrenie als aanvulling op medicatie (Vancampfort et al., 2012). Running therapy is effectief tegen depressie (Cooney et al., 2013). "
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