Broadband fiber optic ultrasound hydrophone probe
ABSTRACT A broadband fiber-optic based hydrophone probe is reported for measurements of acoustic fields at the frequencies up to 100 MHz. The fiber probe with a tip diameter of about 8 microns provides a desirable measurement tool eliminating the need for spatial averaging corrections. Power budget calculation of the fiber sensor set-up indicated that high power (200 mW) laser source is essential to achieve adequate signal-to-noise ratio. The results of the preliminary measurements allowed the probe sensitivity to be determined. Improvements to the measurement arrangements are discussed to bring this sensitivity (about 1.7 mV/MPa) in line with that theoretically calculated (4.3 mV/MPa).
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ABSTRACT: This work describes the results of initial evaluation of a wideband acousto-optic hydrophone probe designed to operate as point receiver in the frequency range up to 100 MHz. The hydrophone was implemented as a tapered fiber optic (FO) probe sensor with a tip diameter of approximately 7 microm. Such small physical dimensions of the sensor eliminate the need for spatial averaging corrections so that true pressure-time (p-t) waveforms can be faithfully recorded. The theoretical considerations that predicted the FO probe sensitivity to be equal to 4.3 mV/MPa are presented along with a brief description of the manufacturing process. The calibration results that verified the theoretically predicted sensitivity are also presented along with a brief description of the improvements being currently implemented to increase this sensitivity level by approximately 20 dB. The results of preliminary measurements indicate that the fiber optic probes will exhibit a uniform frequency response and a zero phase shift in the frequency range considered. These features might be very useful in rapid complex calibration i.e. determining both magnitude and phase response of other hydrophones by the substitution method. Also, because of their robust design and linearity, these fiber optic hydrophones could also meet the challenges posed by high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) and other therapeutic applications. Overall, the outcome of this work shows that when fully developed, the FO probes will be well suited for high frequency measurements of ultrasound fields and will be able to complement the data collected by the current finite aperture piezoelectric PVDF hydrophones.Ultrasonics 01/2006; 43(10):815-21. · 1.84 Impact Factor