Comparison of Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization, p57 Immunostaining, Flow Cytometry, and Digital Image Analysis for Diagnosing Molar and Nonmolar Products of Conception
ABSTRACT Pathologic examination of products of conception (POC) is used to differentiate hydropic abortus (HA), partial hydatidiform mole (PM), and complete hydatidiform mole (CM). Histologic classification of POC specimens can be difficult, and ancillary testing is often required for a definitive diagnosis. This study evaluated 66 POC specimens by flow cytometry, digital image analysis, p57 immunohistochemical analysis, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The final diagnosis, based on the combined analysis of all test results, included 33 HAs, 24 PMs, and 9 CMs. The p57 immunostain identified 9 CMs that were evaluated as nontriploid by all other techniques. FISH seems to have the best accuracy (100%) for determining whether a specimen contains a triploid chromosome complement. These data suggest that the combination of p57 and FISH seems to be the best ancillary testing strategy to aid pathologists in the appropriate identification of CM, PM, and HA in POC specimens.
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- "Endocrine-Related Cancer (2012) 19 827–840 www.endocrinology-journals.org Maggiori & Peres 2007, Hoffner et al. 2008, LeGallo et al. 2008, McConnell et al. 2009, Kipp et al. 2010 "
ABSTRACT: Sialic acid immunoglobulin-like lectin (Siglec)-6 is a transmembrane receptor that binds leptin. Leptin is an obesity associated peptide hormone overexpressed in gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD). GTD encompasses several placental abnormalities that range from benign to malignant. Among GTD, molar placentas are characterized by excess proliferation, whereas gestational trophoblastic neoplasias (GTN) have characteristically aggressive invasion. We hypothesized that in GTD, Siglec-6 expression would increase with disease severity and that Siglec-6 and leptin would promote proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and/or promote invasion. Siglec-6 expression patterns were evaluated with particular attention to the diagnostic utility of Siglec-6 in GTD [controls: normal placentas (n=32), hydropic abortus placentas (n=7), non-GTD reproductive tract cancers (n=2). GTD: partial moles (n=11), complete moles (n=24), GTN (n=6)]. In normal placentas, Siglec-6 expression dramatically decreased after eight weeks gestation. Complete molar placentas had significantly higher Siglec-6 expression than controls, but expression was not significantly different from partial moles. In GTN, Siglec-6 expression was low. These data suggest that Siglec-6 may have diagnostic utility for distinguishing complete moles from normal and hydropic abortus placentas. Functional studies in choriocarcinoma derived BeWO cells demonstrated a complex interplay between Siglec-6 expression and leptin exposure. In cells lacking Siglec-6, leptin treatment promoted invasion, likely through interaction with LepR leptin receptor, without affecting proliferation or apoptosis. Siglec-6 expression promoted proliferation in a leptin-dependent manner, but protected cells from apoptosis and promoted invasion in a leptin-independent manner. We propose that Siglec-6 and leptin play a role in the aberrant properties characteristic of GTD, namely excess proliferation and invasion.Endocrine Related Cancer 10/2012; 19(6). DOI:10.1530/ERC-11-0379 · 4.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Classification of molar gestation into Complete Hydatidiform Mole (CHM) and Partial Hydatidiform Mole (PHM) is done according to clinical, ultrasonographic, histologic and genetic criteria. However, making a distinction between CHM and PHM using histologic criteria alone may be difficult and several studies have shown that misclassifications are frequent, even for experienced pathologists. CHM is the most common precursor to choriocarcinoma and heterozygous moles carry an increased predisposition to transformation. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of patients as well as peripheral blood of patients and their partners' were collected in EDTA tubes. Tissue samples were obtained by curettage. Histological evaluation was performed on routine section stained with Hematoxylin and Eosin. Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTRs) genotyping was performed for 30 cases in two groups of CHM (n=21) and PHM (n=9), with Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) amplification of 2 different polymorphic loci, namely the Col2A1 and D1S80. The results of DNA analysis by VNTR genotyping showed that in 16 cases of CHM, amplification of the VNTR polymorphic loci showed androgenetic mono-spermic moles (homozygote) and in 5 cases of CHM androgenetic dispermic moles (heterozygote) in molar tissue. In cases of PHM, 6 samples were triploid dispermic and 3 samples were diploid biparental. This study confirmed that VNTR genotyping can identify the parental source of polymorphic alleles in hydatidiform mole. Compared to STR genotyping, VNTR genotyping was performed by PCR amplification of several minisatellite markers of DNA. This method significantly requires less time and is cost-effective.Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology 06/2014; 6(4):246-253.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the contribution of referent pathologists (RPs) to the quality of diagnosis of trophoblastic diseases and to study the level of diagnostic agreement between the initial pathologists and the RPs. This observational retrospective study was carried between 1 November 1999 and 11 January 2011 using the database of the French Trophoblastic Disease Reference Centre in Lyon. All files for hydatiform moles (HMs), trophoblastic tumours and non-molar pregnancies for which there was an initial suspicion of trophoblastic disease were included, whenever there was rereading of the slides by an RP. A total of 1851 HMs and 150 gestational trophoblastic tumours were analysed. When the initial pathologist diagnosed a complete mole, the RP confirmed the diagnosis in 96% of cases. When the initial pathologist diagnosed a partial mole, the RP confirmed the diagnosis in only 64% of cases. For trophoblastic tumours, when the initial pathologist diagnosed a choriocarcinoma, the RP confirmed the diagnosis in 86% of cases. When the initial anatomopathology suggested an invasive mole, the diagnosis was confirmed in 96% of cases. Finally, when the initial diagnosis was a placental site trophoblastic tumour or an epithelioid trophoblastic tumour, the RP confirmed the diagnosis in 60 and 100% of cases, respectively. A systematic policy of rereading of slides for all suspicious moles improves the quality of management of trophoblastic diseases at a national level.Human Reproduction 08/2011; 26(10):2651-7. DOI:10.1093/humrep/der265 · 4.57 Impact Factor