Bariatric surgery for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis in obese patients.
ABSTRACT Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasingly recognised as a condition associated with overweight or obesity that may progress to end-stage liver disease. NAFLD histology resembles alcohol-induced liver injury, but occurs in patients with no history of alcohol abuse. NAFLD has a broad spectrum of clinical and histological manifestations, ranging from simple fatty liver to hepatic steatosis with inflammation, advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis. The inflammatory stage is known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Recent reports indicate that weight loss induced by bariatric procedures could be beneficial for NASH treatment.
To assess the benefits and harms of bariatric surgery for NASH in obese patients.
We searched The Cochrane Hepato-Biliary Group Controlled Trials Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Science Citation Index Expanded to October 2009.
All randomised clinical trials evaluating any bariatric procedure versus no intervention, placebo (sham procedure), or other interventions in patients with NASH regardless of publication status, number of patients randomised, language, or blinding. Quasi-randomised clinical studies were to be considered for the review if no randomised clinical trials were identified. If included, their bias towards positive findings was to be considered.
We extracted data in duplicate, and we planned to analyse the data by intention-to-treat.
We could not find any randomised clinical trials or quasi-randomised clinical studies that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Our search resulted in twenty-one prospective or retrospective cohort studies, in which improvement on steatosis or inflammation scores was reported. However, four studies also described some deterioration in the degree of fibrosis.
The lack of randomised clinical trials and quasi-randomised clinical studies precludes us to assess the benefits and harms of bariatric surgery as a therapeutic approach for patients with NASH. Limitations of all other studies with inferior design did not allow us to draw any unbiased conclusion on bariatric surgery for treatment of NASH.
- SourceAvailable from: Henning Grønbaek[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and steatohepatitis (NASH) are among the most common liver diseases. NAFLD with pure steatosis is considered benign. NASH, however, may progress to liver cirrhosis with risk of liver cancer. Therefore, it is important to search for treatment modalities for NASH. Because obesity and insulin resistance are risk factors for NASH, weight loss and exercise are considered mandatory, although limited data are in support. Presently, we focus on the prognosis of NAFLD and NASH and on pharmaceutical treatment, especially in the form of vitamin E and pioglitazone.Ugeskrift for laeger 02/2012; 174(8):488-90.
- 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0112-3
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ABSTRACT: Background. The incidence of liver cirrhosis is significantly high in Latin population. The high prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD is likely partially responsible for these figures. Liver biopsy is not a practical diagnostic option in this scenario. The validation of noninvasive markers of fibrosis is important in populations with a high prevalence of NAFLD. Aim. To compare the diagnostic value of noninvasive assessment systems to detect fibrosis in a cohort of Latin patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Material and methods. Patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were included. Noninvasive evaluations included calculations of NAFLD fibrosis, FIB-4, BARD scores, APRI, and AST/ALT ratio. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUROC) were calculated. Results. A total of 228 patients (mean age, 48.6 ± 12.7 years) were included. Fifty-one percent were women; 48% were overweight and 23% were obese. The severity of fibrosis was classified as G0, 56.6%; G1, 25%; G2, 6.6%; G3, 7%; and G4, 4.8%. The AUROC values for advanced fibrosis were 0.72 for the NAFLD fibrosis score, 0.74 for FIB-4 score, 0.67 for AST/ALT ratio, 0.66 for APRI score, and 0.65 for BARD score. In 54% of patients with undetermined FIB-4 score and in 60% of patients with undetermined NAFLD fibrosis score, fibrosis was observed in the liver biopsy. Conclusions. The NAFLD fibrosis, FIB-4, and APRI scores can be used for the noninvasive diagnosis of fibrosis. However, 25% of patients evaluated by these methods have an indeterminate degree of fibrosis.Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 01/2013; 2013 May-Jun;12(3):416-24.(3):416. · 1.67 Impact Factor