Article

A prospective diffusion tensor imaging study in mild traumatic brain injury.

The Mind Research Network, Pete & Nancy Domenici Hall, 1101 Yale Blvd. NE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.
Neurology (Impact Factor: 8.25). 02/2010; 74(8):643-50. DOI:10.1212/WNL.0b013e3181d0ccdd
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Only a handful of studies have investigated the nature, functional significance, and course of white matter abnormalities associated with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) during the semi-acute stage of injury. The present study used diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate white matter integrity and compared the accuracy of traditional anatomic scans, neuropsychological testing, and DTI for objectively classifying mTBI patients from controls.
Twenty-two patients with semi-acute mTBI (mean = 12 days postinjury), 21 matched healthy controls, and a larger sample (n = 32) of healthy controls were studied with an extensive imaging and clinical battery. A subset of participants was examined longitudinally 3-5 months after their initial visit.
mTBI patients did not differ from controls on clinical imaging scans or neuropsychological performance, although effect sizes were consistent with literature values. In contrast, mTBI patients demonstrated significantly greater fractional anisotropy as a result of reduced radial diffusivity in the corpus callosum and several left hemisphere tracts. DTI measures were more accurate than traditional clinical measures in classifying patients from controls. Longitudinal data provided preliminary evidence of partial normalization of DTI values in several white matter tracts.
Current findings of white matter abnormalities suggest that cytotoxic edema may be present during the semi-acute phase of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Initial mechanical damage to axons disrupts ionic homeostasis and the ratio of intracellular and extracellular water, primarily affecting diffusion perpendicular to axons. Diffusion tensor imaging measurement may have utility for objectively classifying mTBI, and may serve as a potential biomarker of recovery.

0 0
 · 
0 Bookmarks
 · 
100 Views
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article focuses on advancements in neuroimaging techniques, compares the advantages of each of the modalities in the evaluation of mild traumatic brain injury, and discusses their contribution to our understanding of the pathophysiology as it relates to prognosis. Advanced neuroimaging techniques discussed include anatomic/structural imaging techniques, such as diffusion tensor imaging and susceptibility-weighted imaging, and functional imaging techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging, perfusion-weighted imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and positron emission tomography.
    Neurologic Clinics 02/2014; 32(1):31-58. · 1.34 Impact Factor
  • Seminars in roentgenology 01/2014; 49(1):64-75. · 0.70 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In a subgroup of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) residual symptoms, interfering with outcome and return to work, are found. With neuropsychological assessment cognitive deficits can be demonstrated although the pathological underpinnings of these cognitive deficits are not fully understood. As the admission computed tomography (CT) often is normal, perfusion CT imaging may be a useful indicator of brain dysfunction in the acute phase after injury in these patients. In the present study, directly after admission perfusion CT imaging was performed in mild TBI patients with follow-up neuropsychological assessment in those with complaints and a normal non-contrast CT. Neuropsychological tests comprised the 15 Words test Immediate Recall, Trailmaking test part B, Zoo Map test and the FEEST, which were dichotomized into normal and abnormal. Perfusion CT results of patients with normal neuropsychological test scores were compared to those with abnormal test scores. In total eighteen patients were included. Those with an abnormal score on the Zoo Map test had a significant lower CBV in the right frontal and the bilateral parieto-temporal white matter. Patients with an abnormal score on the FEEST had a significant higher MTT in the bilateral frontal white matter and a significant decreased CBF in the left parieto-temporal grey matter. No significant relation between the perfusion CT parameters and the 15 Words test and the Trailmaking test part B was present. In conclusion, impairments in executive functioning and emotion perception assessed with neuropsychological tests during follow up were related to differences in cerebral perfusion at admission in mild TBI. The pathophysiological concept of these findings is discussed.
    Brain and Cognition 01/2014; 86:24–31. · 2.82 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
0 Downloads
Available from