Article

Congenital Hepatic Fibrosis in 5 Dogs

Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC, USA.
Veterinary Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.04). 01/2010; 47(1):102-7. DOI: 10.1177/0300985809353313
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Congenital hepatic fibrosis is a disorder of biliary system development histologically characterized by diffuse periportal to bridging fibrosis with numerous small often-irregular bile ducts and reduction in the number of portal vein branches. The condition results from abnormal development of the ductal plate, the embryonic precursor to the interlobular bile ducts. It has rarely been reported in veterinary species, and it has never been reported in dogs. This article describes 5 cases of a ductal plate malformation in dogs consistent with congenital hepatic fibrosis. On light microscopy, all 5 livers had severe bridging fibrosis with a marked increase in the number of small bile ducts, which often had irregular, dilated profiles reminiscent of the developing ductal plate. In addition, 80% (4 of 5) of cases lacked typical portal vein profiles. Cytokeratin 7 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunohistochemistry was performed on the 3 cases for which paraffin-embedded tissue was available. The bile duct profiles were strongly positive for cytokeratin 7 in all 3 cases, and they were negative for proliferating cell nuclear antigen or only had rare positive cells. All 5 dogs presented with clinical signs of portal hypertension. Congenital hepatic fibrosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in young dogs that present with portal hypertension and lesions that may have been interpreted as bridging biliary hyperplasia or extrahepatic biliary obstruction.

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