Sumario: ¿Qué es la decisión multicriterio? -- Conceptos y herramientas básicos -- Análisis de dominación y de satisfacción -- Los métodos de ponderación y sus problemas -- Los métodos multicriterio ordinales -- Funciones de utilidad aditivas y métodos asociados -- Métodos de relaciones de superación -- Otros métodos de decisión multicriterio -- Informática y decisión multicriterio -- Paquetes informáticos para la decisión multicriterio discreta -- Práctica de la decisión multicriterio
Available from: João Carlos Correia Baptista Soares de Mello
"Ordinal methods are considered to be extremely intuitive and not very demanding both in computational terms and in relation to the necessary information on the part of the decision maker. All that is needed from the decision maker are the pre-rankings relative to each criterion . To use the ordinal methods, the decision maker must rank the alternatives in accordance with the preferences or, on occasion, use a natural order such as, for example, income obtained. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ordinal methods are widely used to establish rankings in sports competitions because sporting results are on an ordinal scale. However, these methods assume that the decision maker is highly rational and provide a full ranking. This paper analyses the case in which the decision maker is weakly rational. In this case, the decision maker respects the transitivity of preferences but not indifference. It also shows how to adapt the Condorcet method to deal with this situation, using the results of the 2013 Formula 1 Constructors' World Championship.
"The expression MCDA is used as an umbrella term to describe a number of formal approaches which take explicit account of multiple criteria and helping individuals or groups explore decisions that matter (Belton and Stewart 2002). More information about MCDA can be found in Belton and Stewart (2002) and Barba-Romero and Pomerol (1997). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this paper a new approach to find indicators that can be used to measure companies’ competitiveness and performance in an efficient and reliable way is presented.
The aim is to assist managers of companies within a specific industrial sector by providing information about their relative position in the market so as to define better action plans that may improve the company’s performance.
The approach combines the use of the Analytic Network Process, a multicriteria decision method, with the Balanced Scorecard. It allows the definition of a number of competitiveness indicators based on the performance and setting of the advertising sector. In this way it is possible to obtain a Competitiveness Index that allows a company to know its relative position with respect to other companies in the sector, and establish a ranking of the companies ordered by their competitiveness level.
A case study in the advertising industry of Venezuela is provided. Results show that improvement plans for the agencies analyzed should promote creativity, innovation and the use of new technologies, as a particular form of innovation. These factors were considered to be the most relevant indicators in the advertising sector.
The participating experts agreed that the methodology is useful and an improvement over current competitiveness assessment methods.
"Existen diferentes formas de clasificar las técnicas de toma de decisiones multicriterio (Delgado et al., 2009); sin embargo, la más habitual las agrupa en continuas y discretas. Las primeras admiten un número infinito de alternativas y las del segundo tipo consideran un número finito y usualmente no muy elevado de alternativas (Barba-Romero y Pomerol, 1997), entre las cuales destaca el PAJ, que fue utilizado en la presente investigación y, por ello, se describe sucintamente a continuación. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ten housing projects of Portuguesa state's Regional Housing Institute were examined applying the AHOP method. The views of four different interest groups were registered, of which the two most important decision-making groups were the Institute responsible for housing policy and the direct beneficiaries. Social critiera weihed more than those of a technical or economic nature and amongst decision-makers, considerations related to costs weighed more than the genera tion of employment. The priorities establishe represented a consensus in he society
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