Patient-provider communication differs for black compared to white HIV-infected patients.
ABSTRACT Poor patient-provider interactions may play a role in explaining racial disparities in the quality and outcomes of HIV care in the United States. We analyzed 354 patient-provider encounters coded with the Roter Interaction Analysis System across four HIV care sites in the United States to explore possible racial differences in patient-provider communication. Providers were more verbally dominant in conversations with black as compared to white patients. This was largely due to black patients' talking less than white patients. There was no association between race and other measures of communication. Black and white patients rated their providers' communication similarly. Efforts to more effectively engage patients in the medical dialogue may lead to improved patient-provider relationships, self-management, and outcomes among black people living with HIV/AIDS.
Article: Mixed chimerism in the B cell lineage is a rapid and sensitive indicator of minimal residual disease in bone marrow transplant recipients with pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: One of the major problems after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is a high frequency of leukemia relapse. We have prospectively studied the presence of donor- and recipient-derived chimeric cells in bone marrow recipients with pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B-ALL). The chimeric status of BMT recipients was compared to minimal residual disease (MRD) detection by analysis of immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and T cell receptor (TcR) genes. Post-transplant blood and bone marrow samples from 12 patients with pre-B-ALL were studied. Five patients showed mixed chimerism (MC) in the CD19-positive cell fraction. Four of them have relapsed to date. The remaining patient with MC in the B cell lineage was also MRD positive in the same samples. All seven patients with donor chimerism in the B cell fraction remain in clinical remission (P = 0.01). In samples from all five patients having MC in the B cell lineage, the patient-specific IgH or TcR rearrangement was also detected. In three of four patients who relapsed, MC in the B cell lineage was seen more than 2.5 months prior to morphologically verified relapse. The results of this comparison suggest that routinely performed MC analysis of the affected cell lineage may facilitate post-BMT monitoring and rapid therapeutic decisions in transplanted patients with pre-B-ALL.Bone Marrow Transplantation 05/2000; 25(8):843-51. · 3.75 Impact Factor
Article: Medical Communication Behavior System. An interactional analysis system for medical interactions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The study assessed the psychometric properties of the Medical Communication Behavior System. This observation system records time spent by the physicians and patients on specific behaviors in the categories of informational, relational, and negative situation behaviors by using hand-held electronic devices. The study included observations of 101 genetic counseling sessions and also assessed the outcome measures of patient knowledge and satisfaction. In addition, 41 of the sessions were rated using the Roter Interactional Analysis System, and 20 additional control subjects completed the post-counseling information without being observed to examine the effects of recording the session. Results showed good interobserver reliability, and evidence of concurrent, construct, and predictive validity. No differences were found between the observed and unobserved groups of any of the outcome measures.Medical Care 11/1986; 24(10):891-903. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To determine whether race is associated with health insurance coverage and health service use among gay and bisexual men in the Baltimore center of the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study. Data from eight semiannual study visits between 1991 and 1996 were used. Descriptive, stratified, and logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine whether race is associated with insurance coverage, medical, or dental service use, after controlling for socioeconomic variables. No difference was found between blacks' and whites' likelihood of having health insurance, private insurance, using inpatient, emergency department services, or antiretroviral medications. Whites were more likely to use outpatient services, particularly if CD4 cell counts were high, and were more likely to use dental services, although blacks were more likely to have dental insurance. Further research must be conducted to examine cultural, social, and psychological factors that help explain why white gay men use more outpatient and dental services, when other service use is unrelated to race. Investigators should be precise when using race as a variable in health services and epidemiologic research, emphasizing when racial differences truly exist versus when the variable race is a surrogate for another factor.Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes and Human Retrovirology 02/1999; 20(1):85-92.